Dakar is the capital city of Senegal. It is on the country's Atlantic coast on the western edge of Africa. The city is a trade seaport for items leaving Africa. Dakar has a population of 1,030,594 people. The metropolitan area has about 2.45 million people living in it.
City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes d'arrondissement
|• Mayor||Khalifa Sall (2009) (BSS/PS)|
|• City||83 km2 (32 sq mi)|
|Elevation||22 m (72 ft)|
|• Density||12,510/km2 (32,400/sq mi)|
|• Metro density||4,484/km2 (11,610/sq mi)|
|Data here are for the administrative Dakar région, which matches almost exactly the limits of the metropolitan area|
|Time zone||UTC+0 (GMT)|
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The area that is now Dakar was first settled around the 15th century. In 1444, Portuguese created a colony there. By 1536, the colony was being used to as part of the slave trade. Between 1588 and 1677, the area was fought over by many countries. During this time it was under the control of the Portuguese, Dutch, English, and finally the French.
In 1857, the French built a military base here. This base was called Dakar. It was made the capital of French West Africa in 1902. Dakar was one of the major cities of the French Empire during this time. It was very important in terms of trade, military, and communications to the empire until World War II.
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