Darius III of Persia

Last king of the Achaemenid Empire (r. 336–330 BC)

Darius III (c. 380 – July 330 BC) was first named Artashata. He was called Codomannus by the Greeks.[1] Darius III was the last king of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia.[2] He ruled from 336 BC to 330 BC. Artashata took Darius as his dynastic name.[1]

Darius III
Darius III of Persia.jpg
Detail of Darius III from the Alexander Mosaic.
Reign336–330 BC
Bornc. 380 BC
DiedJuly 330 BC (aged 50)
HouseAchaemenid Dynasty


  1. 1.0 1.1 Heckel, Waldemar (2002). The Wars of Alexander the Great. p. 24. ISBN 978-1841764733. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  2. Alexander the Great at War: His Army - His Battles - His Enemies, ed. Waldemar Heckel (Oxford: Osprey, 2002), p. 24