Dizzy Gillespie

American jazz trumpeter (1917–1993)

John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie (October 21, 1917 – January 6, 1993) was an American jazz trumpeter, bandleader, singer and composer.

Dizzy Gillespie
Dizzy Gillespie in 1955
Dizzy Gillespie in 1955
Background information
Birth nameJohn Birks Gillespie
Born(1917-10-21)October 21, 1917
Cheraw, South Carolina, U.S.
DiedJanuary 6, 1993(1993-01-06) (aged 75)
Englewood, New Jersey, U.S.
Occupation(s)Musician, composer
Years active1935–1993

As an instrumentalist, bandleader, singer, and composer, Gillespie was the youngest of nine children. His father was a local bandleader, so instruments were made available to him at an early age.[1] He started to play the piano at the age of 9.

Nicknamed Dizzy because of how he acts during performances, Gillespie set new standards for trumpet players with his innovative rhythmic and harmonic explorations. This definitive change moved American jazz from swing to 'bebop'. Together with Charlie Parker, he was a major figure in the development of modern jazz.

Gillespie died on January 6, 1993 at age 75 from pancreatic cancer. At the time of his death Gillespie had two funerals. One was a Bahá´í funeral at his request, at which his closest friends and colleagues attended. The second was at the Cathedral of St. John the Divine in New York City open to the public where everyone can attend.[2]

References change

  1. "Early life". dizzygillespie.net. Archived from Dizzy Gillespie website UR the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2008-06-18. {{cite web}}: Check |url= value (help)
  2. "Dizzy Gillespie Memorial". The New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-18.

Other websites change