Escambia County, Alabama

county in Alabama, United States

Escambia County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of 2010, 38,319 people lived there. Its county seat is Brewton.

Escambia County
Escambia County Alabama Courthouse
Escambia County Alabama Courthouse
Map of Alabama highlighting Escambia County
Location within the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 31°07′36″N 87°09′44″W / 31.126666666667°N 87.162222222222°W / 31.126666666667; -87.162222222222
Country United States
State Alabama
FoundedDecember 10, 1868
Largest cityAtmore
 • Total952.95 sq mi (2,468.1 km2)
 • Land947.38 sq mi (2,453.7 km2)
 • Water5.57 sq mi (14.4 km2)  (0.58%)%
 • Total38,319
 • Density40/sq mi (15.6/km2)


Escambia County was formed after the American Civil War, on December 10, 1868. This was during the Reconstruction era. The name "Escambia" may come from the Creek name Shambia, meaning "clearwater",[1] or the Choctaw word for "cane-brake" or "reed-brake".

In September 1979, the county was declared a disaster area due to damage from Hurricane Frederic, and again in September 2004 due to damage from Hurricane Ivan.


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 952.95 square miles (2,468.1 km2). 947.38 square miles (2,453.7 km2) (or 99.42%) is land and 5.57 square miles (14.4 km2) (or 0.58%) is water.[2]

Major highwaysEdit

  •   Interstate 65
  •   U.S. Highway 29
  •   U.S. Highway 31
  •   Alabama State Route 21
  •   Alabama State Route 41
  •   Alabama State Route 113

Border countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

Cities and townsEdit


  1. Escambia County Alabama History - accessed August 18, 2009
  2. "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.

Coordinates: 31°07′36″N 87°09′44″W / 31.12667°N 87.16222°W / 31.12667; -87.16222