order of fishes

Esociformes are a small order of ray-finned fish (the Actinopterygii). There are two families, the Umbridae (mudminnows) and the Esocidae (pikes).

Esox lucius1.jpg
Northern pike (Esox lucius)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Protacanthopterygii
Order: Esociformes
Bleeker, 1859
  • Esocoidei Bleeker, 1859
  • Haplomi
  • Esocae
  • Umbriformes Günther, 1866

The Esocidae are named after the pike genus Esox. One highly successful species is Esox lucius or northern pike.[2] The order also has an extinct family, called Palaeoscidae.

The Esociform fishes live in freshwater, in North America and northern Eurasia. The order is very similar to the Salmonidae.[3]


  1. Haaramo, Mikko (2007). "Esociformes – pikes, pickerels, mud minnows and blackfishes". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  2. "Esox lucius (pike)". Invasive Species Compendium. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  3. "Orden Esociformes-NaturaLista" (in Spanish).