Eurasian golden oriole

species of bird

The Eurasian golden oriole (Oriolus oriolus) or simply golden oriole, is the only oriole breeding in northern hemisphere temperate regions.

Eurasian golden oriole
Loriot d'Europe by Michel Idre.jpg
Oriolus oriolus Ayodar 2.jpg
Song and call recorded in Russia
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Oriolidae
Genus: Oriolus
O. oriolus
Binomial name
Oriolus oriolus
Oriolus oriolus distribution map.png
     Summer      Winter
  • Coracias oriolus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Oriolus galbula

It is one of the oriole family of passerine birds. It is a summer migrant in Europe and western Asia and spends the winter season in central and southern Africa.

Golden orioles have an extremely large range with large populations that are apparently stable.

Taxonomy and systematicsEdit

Until a few years ago this species was treated as being conspecific with the Indian golden oriole.[3] They are now in separate species.


  1. BirdLife International (2017). "Oriolus oriolus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2017: e.T103692938A111783061. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2017-1.RLTS.T103692938A111783061.en.
  2. "Oriolus oriolus (Linnaeus, 1758) - Eurasian Golden Oriole". Natural History Museum. Retrieved 2019-08-07.
  3. Jønsson K.A.; et al. (2010). "Phylogeny and biogeography of Oriolidae (Aves: Passeriformes)" (PDF). Ecography. 33 (2): 232–241. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2010.06167.x.