Extrajudicial killing

intentional and unlawful killings of individuals by state actors without judicial process

An extrajudicial killing (or extralegal killing) is the killing of a person without waiting for the result of a state trial. Extrajudicial killings happen in states which either have laws favoring them, or where the state condones the killing. An example might be that someone is suspected of having done something which dishonors the family. Killing the person might be a way to keep the family in good standing (This is known as honor killing). The state might have laws that do not see this as murder, so the killers will not get a harsh sentence, or they will go unpunished altogether.

This painting, The Third of May 1808 by Francisco Goya, shows the summary execution of Spaniards by French forces after the Dos de Mayo Uprising in Madrid.

If forces of the state kill someone this is seen as extrajudicial killing, if none of the following applies:

Organisations working against those killingsEdit

The United Nations has [an investigator or] a Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions.[1] That person has support from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR). Morris Tidball-Binz became the Special Rapporteur in 2021.[2]

Work is also done by human rights organizations, including Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch.[3][4][5][6][7]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Special Rapporteur on executions OHCHR
  2. Morris Tidball-Binz OHCHR
  3. "El Salvador: The spectre of death squads". www.amnesty.org. Retrieved 2019-04-27.
  4. "The Project on Extrajudicial Executions home". www.extrajudicialexecutions.org. Archived from the original on 2011-10-31. Retrieved 2021-09-23.
  5. Section, United Nations News Service (28 March 2007). "UN News - UN independent expert on extrajudicial killings urges action on reported incidents".
  6. "Dickey: Iraq, Salvador and Death-Squad Democracy – Newsweek The War in Iraq – MSNBC.com". Archived from the original on November 1, 2005. Retrieved 2008-01-04.
  7. "Special Forces May Train Assassins, Kidnappers in Iraq – Newsweek The War in Iraq – MSNBC.com". Archived from the original on August 9, 2010. Retrieved 2006-05-12.