Fairbanks is a city in Alaska. It has 35,132 people. The only city in Alaska with more people is Anchorage. It was started in 1901 is named after Charles W. Fairbanks, an American Senator and Vice President. It is on the Chena River. The University of Alaska has one of its main campuses in Fairbanks.
Being so far north, Fairbanks has long, very cold winters. It is normal for the temperature to be −15 °F (−26 °C) to −25 °F (−32 °C), and it can get as cold as −60 °F (−51 °C). The summers are short but warm by Alaska standards. It is usually around 70 °F (21 °C), but it can get as warm as 90 °F (32 °C). In the winter the days are very short, on the winter solstice it is light outside for less than three hours. In the summer the opposite is true, it can be light outside for twenty two hours a day. This is called the midnight sun.