|Municipality of Anchorage|
The City of Lights and Flowers
Big Wild Life
Location of Anchorage within Alaska
|Incorporated||November 23, 1920 (City of Anchorage);|
January 1, 1964 (Greater Anchorage Area Borough);
September 15, 1975 (current Municipality of Anchorage, which combined the two)
|Named for||the anchorage at the mouth of Ship Creek|
|• Mayor||Dan Sullivan|
|• City||1,961.1 sq mi (5,079 km2)|
|• Land||1,697.2 sq mi (4,396 km2)|
|• Water||263.9 sq mi (683 km2)|
|• Urban||78.8 sq mi (204 km2)|
|• Metro||26,312.5 sq mi (68,149 km2)|
|Elevation||102 ft (31 m)|
|291,826 (64th in U.S.)|
|• Density||171.9/sq mi (66.4/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-9 (AKST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-8 (AKDT)|
Anchorage was originally a construction camp during the building of the Alaska Railroad. By 1920 it had grown to the point where it was decided to officially make it a city. Being at the head of Cook Inlet it became an important place for shipping in Alaska because ships could load and unload cargo to and from the new railroad. In the 1940 an both the army and the air force built bases near Anchorage, and it got even bigger. In 1964 Anchorage was hit by the Good Friday Earthquake, the second strongest earthquake ever recorded. Over a hundred people died and a lot of buildings in and around Anchorage were destroyed. Over the next few years a lot of work went into rebuilding the city and making the buildings better in case there was another earthquake. In 1968 oil was discovered up in the Arctic region of Alaska, and Anchorage again got bigger quickly and merged with other towns in the area. Today it is a modern city with a very large international airport, a large sea port that is very busy, and all the other things you would expect to find in a big city.
Water for the city comes from Eklutna Lake.
The city's electricity comes from power plants in the city and from a dam also fed by Eklutna Lake.
- "Anchorage, AK Metropolitan Statistical Area - ACS Demographic and Housing Estimates: 2006". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-22.
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