Fall of Man

in Christianity, the transition of the first man and woman from a state of innocent obedience to God to a state of guilty disobedience

The Fall of Man (also called "The Story of the Fall" or "The Fall") is the story in the book of Genesis in the Torah (Old Testament or Hebrew Scriptures) of when Adam and Eve, in God's eyes, lost their innocence. Genesis says that Adam and Eve ate from the Tree of Knowledge of good and bad even after God told them it was not allowed. Adam and Eve lost their innocence and were thrown out of the Garden of Eden, where the Tree of Knowledge of good and bad was. In Christian religion, all of man lost their innocence because Adam and Eve disobeyed God and had to be punished, so man can now tell good from bad and life from death.

An engraving of Adam and Eve by Sebald Beham

The Fall, for many Christians, means humans can not make themselves holy enough to get into Heaven when they die. It is only possible to get into heaven because Jesus Christ sacrificed himself.[1]

Beliefs change

Judaism, Christianity and Islam believe the story of the Fall is the truth, but each explains it differently.

Islam change

Islam says the Fall was just a historic event and did not change human nature at all.[2] It says Adam and his wife were thrown out of the Garden of Eden and forced to work and suffer because Adam ate from the Tree of Knowledge. But God still gave others who were still loyal to him the chance to get into Heaven.

Judaism change

According to Jewish tradition, Adam and Eve had the free will to rebel against God's first commandment. One of God's first commandments was not to eat from the fruits of the Tree of Knowledge in the Garden of Eden. Adam and Eve ate from its fruits and had to pay a price. They were thrown out of the Garden of Eden, which is called Paradise, and they had to suffer and work to survive. Adam and Eve also became "like God" when they ate the fruit from the tree. They got the gifts of knowledge, wisdom, and self-awareness—things that seperate humans from animals. Judaism teaches that eating the fruit was disobedience, but not sin. Unlike Christianity, Judaism teaches that sin can not be inherited, and that people do not inherit Original Sin. If a sin is committed, you may pray directly to God and ask for forgiveness, and if the sin has affected another person, you may also ask their forgiveness. Judaism says every person can get to heaven and be—once more—near to God. You do not have to be Jewish to get into heaven.

Judaism teaches these things about The Fall:

  • God loves all people.
  • People are basically good.
  • People should use God's gifts well. God's gifts are:
    • Life on earth
    • Free will
    • Knowledge
    • Self-awareness
    • Human virtues
  • Jews must take extra care to use these gifts well.
  • Jews must be lovingly loyal to God. That is, they must loyally carry the burden that comes from knowing Judaism, and must joyfully obey God.

Christianity change

Adam and Eve about to eat from the Tree of Knowledge, good and evil

Christians generally believe that everyone who is related to Adam is born with sin and would never make it into Heaven. Jesus, who was related to Adam only through Jesus' mother, had no sin, and died to remove the sins of those who believe in him. They believe that whoever believed in Jesus Christ was given a "second chance" to get back into Heaven, shown in John the Apostle's Gospel: "...God loved the world so much that he gave his only Son, so that everyone who believes in him would not be lost but have eternal life." (John 3:16, ERV) Different types of Christianity have slightly different ways of viewing the fall and salvation through Jesus. You can see the different views below.

Catholicism change

Catholicism believes that people are born sinful, but have free will, and so they can clean themselves of their sin and can get into Heaven after the grace of God has changed them so that they want to do that; without this "first grace" the sinful people do not want to "go to Heaven".[3]

Calvinism and Puritanism change

Calvinists believe that God chooses the humans who were going to go to Heaven and those who were not. Humans do not get a choice in "spiritual matters".

Puritans took this one step farther. Puritans said that humans could do nothing to be able to get to Heaven. They said that no matter how good a person was, if he had not been chosen by God at birth, he would not go to Heaven. However, one could lose the right to go to Heaven by being bad.

Protestants believe that when Jesus sacrificed himself, he made man free from sin forever. Other people believe that when Jesus sacrificed himself, man was free from sin but he was not certain that he would still get into Heaven.

Liberal Christianity change

Some Christians say that the story of The Fall in Genesis 3 never happened but is just a myth or story that the Israelite people used to show that the relationship that man had with God is gone.

This view is quite neutral towards history. It says Bible stories that man failed in the Garden of Eden and needed to be saved are explanations of deeper spiritual truths. Some also say that Jesus Christ was God trying to start a new relationship with man.[4]

Eastern Orthodox change

Eastern Orthodoxy believes that a son is not guilty of the sins of his father (so sin is not passed down from Adam). They believe that men and women are forced to sin because of the world around them and thy have to try and resist if they want to go to Heaven. But they still believe that Adam caused all humanity to have to work for this.[5] The emphasis on free will is great: even the sinful people can be saved through synergy with God's grace.

Pelagianism change

Pelagianism says that humans are capable of freely choosing good or bad decisions without God's help and that humans are not born with Adam's sin.[6]

Latter Day Saints change

Latter Day Saints believe that The Fall was part of God's plan so his children could experience mortality, be tested, overcome evil, and return to him in heaven one day. It was a necessary step to become like God by first acquiring a body and second acquiring knowledge of good and evil.

Latter Day Saints say when Adam ate the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil it was not a sin, but was just a transgression of the law. For Latter Day Saints a sin is the act of doing something evil with a desire to rebel against God. A transgression, on the other hand, is the violation of a law or rule, not necessarily with evil intent. So for Latter Day Saints, all sins (willful rebellion) are transgressions but not all transgressions (violations of the law) are sins. Since Adam didn’t have knowledge of good or evil (before partaking of the fruit) his act was a transgression of the law, not a sin against God. Before eating the fruit, Adam and Eve could never die and also could never have children. Because of this they could not fulfill God's other commandment to "Multiply and replenish the earth". Eating the fruit made it so that our first parents could die (and later be resurrected through the atonement of Jesus Christ). But it also made it so they could have children, so that everyone would have a chance to come to this earth, be born, live, die, be resurrected and return to heaven. It likewise gave them knowledge of good and evil. This made them more like God, able to discern between the two. Were it not for their transgression their eyes wouldn't have been opened. They would've remained in a state of innocence doing no good for they knew no evil, having no joy for the knew no misery. Because of their transgression their eyes were opened and they knew and rejoiced in God's plan and the joy of their redemption (through Jesus Christ). It was better for them to pass through sorrow that they should know the good from the evil. Latter Day Saints say that as their descendants if we follow the Plan of Salvation, we will return to God in heaven after our mortal experience here on Earth.

Latter-Day Saints view Adam and Eve's choice as very wise.

They believe that:

  • Men will be punished for their own sins, and not for Adam’s transgression.
  • Through the Atonement of Christ, all mankind may be saved, by obedience to the laws and ordinances of the Gospel.
  • The first principles and ordinances of the Gospel are:[7]
    1. Faith in the Lord Jesus Christ
    2. Repentance
    3. Baptism by immersion for the remission of sins
    4. Laying on of hands for the gift of the Holy Ghost.

Unification Church change

Unification Church believe that Adam and Eve had sexual relations before they were married, and so they got thrown out of the Garden of Eden. They believe that a Blessing Ceremony can "wash" this sin away.[8]

Unity Church change

The Unity church believes that "The Fall of Man" has an important meaning but that it is not a true historic event.[9]

Unitarian Universalism change

Unitarian Universalists believe that people are inherently good, and that it is their most precious gift, free will, that allows people to sometimes act wrongly, rather than predestination or external temptation. The Fall is story, metaphor, allegory, not a history. [10]

The Fall in books change

Philip Pullman wrote a series called His Dark Materials and he says in the book that The Fall was a good thing. It was when humans became free to learn. Pullman believes that it is not worth being innocent if the price is not knowing the truth.[11]

C.S. Lewis wrote a book called Perelandra where Adam and Eve were on the planet Venus rather than the classic Garden of Eden.

Albert Camus wrote a book called The Fall where a man tells another man in a bar in Amsterdam called "Mexico City" why he did not want to rescue a man who was trying to kill himself by jumping off a bridge into a canal.

In the manga (or comic-book) Neon Genesis Evangelion, The Fall is often talked about, and at the end, an attempt to clean Adam's sin is performed and a new genesis is started.

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Christian clarity article - The Fall of Man". Archived from the original on 2005-04-22. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
  2. "Islam Online - Prophethood".[permanent dead link]
  3. "The Fall in the Catholic Church".
  4. "The words of John S Spong".[permanent dead link]
  5. "Original Sin - Questions & Answers". oca.org.
  6. "Pelagius: To Demetrias". Archived from the original on 2014-03-17. Retrieved 2007-08-23.
  7. "Articles of Faith 1". www.lds.org.
  8. "Unification Church". TheFreeDictionary.com.
  9. "Official creed of the Unity/Unitarian Church". www.bible.ca.
  10. "Unitarian Universalists have diverse and inclusive beliefs". UUA.org. 9 February 2015.
  11. "CNN.com - Books - Philip Pullman weaves spell with 'His Dark Materials' - November 10, 2000". edition.cnn.com.

Other websites change