Fasciola hepatica

parasitic flatworm in mammal livers

Fasciola hepatica (also known as the common liver fluke) is a parasitic trematode (fluke or flatworm) in the phylum Platyhelminthes.

Fasciola hepatica
Fasciola hepatica.JPG
Fasciola hepatica – adult worm
Scientific classification
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Binomial name
Fasciola hepatica
Linnaeus, 1758

It infects the livers of various mammals, including humans. The disease caused by the fluke is called fascioliasis. It has been classified as a neglected tropical disease.[1]

F. hepatica is distributed worldwide, and has been known as an important parasite of sheep and cattle for hundreds of years. It causes great economic losses in sheep and cattle. Because of its size and economic importance, it has been the subject of many scientific investigations and may be the best-known of any trematode species.

Life cycleEdit

 
Life cycle of Fasciola hepatica inside and outside of a human or animal body

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Neglected Tropical Diseases". cdc.gov. June 6, 2011. Retrieved 28 November 2014.