Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development
The Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is a ministry of the Federal Republic of Germany. The ministry's headquarters are in what used to be the Bundeskanzleramt (the Federal Chancellor's Office building) in Bonn, with a second office in the Europahaus, in Berlin.
|Bundesministerium für wirtschaftliche Zusammenarbeit und Entwicklung|
|Jurisdiction||Government of Germany|
The BMZ was founded 1961, as the Ministry for Economic Cooperation. Lots of different ministries had a little to do with helping the economies of foreign countries. These jobs were all taken away and given to the new ministry. It became the "Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development" on 23 January 1993. The change was to show that Germany was not just interested in working with Less Developed Countries, but in helping those countries as well.
|Ministers of Economic Cooperation|
|No||Name||Term start||Term end||Party|
|1||Walter Scheel (1919-2016)||1961||1966||FDP|
|2||Werner Dollinger (1918-2008)||1966||1966||CSU|
|3||Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski (1922-2005)||1966||1968||SPD|
|4||Erhard Eppler (1926-)||1968||1974||SPD|
|5||Egon Bahr (1922-2015)||1974||1976||SPD|
|6||Marie Schlei (1919-1983)||1976||1978||SPD|
|7||Rainer Offergeld (1937-)||1978||1982||SPD|
|8||Jürgen Warnke (1932-2013)||1982||1987||CSU|
|9||Hans Klein (1931-1996)||1987||1989||CSU|
|10||Jürgen Warnke (1932-2013)||1989||1991||CSU|
|11||Carl-Dieter Spranger (1939-)||1991||1998||CSU|
|12||Heidemarie Wieczorek-Zeul (1942-)||1998||2009||SPD|
|13||Dirk Niebel (1963-)||2009||2013||FDP|
|14||Gerd Müller (1955-)||2013||2021||CSU|
|15||Svenja Schulze (1968-)||2021||SPD|
The BMZ main job is help to other countries to develop and become richer. It does this by giving money and other aid.
The BMZ also oversees giving money to international organisations and private charities which can help the BMZ's main job.
The money that Germany gives to the European Development Fund, the World Bank and regional development banks is paid by the BMZ.
The BMZ also makes sure that countries which get money are democratic and have a good human rights record.
Germany thinks that giving this help is so important that the BMZ is a member of the Federal Security Council, which helps to make sure that Germany is safe and at peace.
- Halving the number of people in the world that suffers from poverty and hunger
- Making a basic school education possible for all children
- Promoting equality between men and women
- Lowering the number of child mortality
- Improving the health of the mothers
- Fighting HIV/AIDS, malaria and other illnesses
- Improving the protection of the environment