Filozoa

Monophyletic grouping within the Opisthokonta

Filozoa is a clade (a group of plants or animals with a common ancestor) that is in the Opisthokonta clade. It includes animals, and their close single-celled relatives. These relatives are more closely related to animals than they are to fungi[1], and other Opisthokonts.

Filozoans
Temporal range: Late Tonian - Present, 782.2–0Ma
Elephant-ear-sponge.jpg
Orange elephant ear sponge, Agelas clathrodes, in foreground. Two corals in the background: a sea fan, Iciligorgia schrammi, and a sea rod, Plexaurella nutans.
Scientific classification e
(unranked): Unikonta
(unranked): Obazoa
(unranked): Opisthokonta
(unranked): Holozoa
(unranked): Filozoa
Shalchian-Tabrizi et al., 2008
Subgroups

Three groups are in Filozoa: Filasterea, Choanoflagellatea, and Kingdom Animalia. Animalia is the most important one, which has all proper animals in it.

EvolutionEdit

The phylogenic tree (evolution tree) below shows how clades broke into newer clades. This includes Filozoa.

Opisthokonta
Holomycota
Cristidiscoidea

Fonticulida



Nucleariida  



Fungi/

BCG2





True Fungi  



Aphelida





BCG1


Rozellomyceta/

Rozella  




Namako-37



Microsporidia 








Holozoa

Ichthyosporea  



Pluriformea

Syssomonas



Corallochytrium  



Filozoa

Filasterea  


Choanozoa

Choanoflagellatea  



Animalia  








ReferencesEdit

  1. Shalchian-Tabrizi K.; Minge M.A.; Espelund M. (7 May 2008). Aramayo, Rodolfo (ed.). "Multigene phylogeny of choanozoa and the origin of animals". PLoS ONE. 3 (5): e2098. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0002098. PMC 2346548. PMID 18461162.