First Kashmir War

1947–1948 war between India and Pakistan

The India-Pakistan War of 1947-48 is also known as the First Kashmir War. It was fought between the Dominion of India and Dominion of Pakistan over the former Princely state of Kashmir and Jammu from 1947 to 1948. Although Pakistan officially entered into the war on the 1st of May in 1948 on behalf of the people of Kashmir.

This was the first of four wars fought between the two newly independent nations. The war initially begun as a rebellion by the Pahari rebels in western Kashmir against the mainly Hindu Dogra tyrants of the Jammu and Kashmir state and it turned into a full fledged war between India and Pakistan. The result of the war still affects the geopolitics of both the countries. The result of the war was inconclusive. However, neutral assessments seem to agree that Pakistan was the victor of the war because it was able to successfully gain and annex over a third of the Kashmir from India,[1] including Samahni Valley, Muzaffarabad and Gilgit Baltistan.[2]


  1. Kulke, Hermann; Rothermund, Dietmar (2004), A History of India (Fourth ed.), Routledge, p. 324, ISBN 9780415329194, The Indian army defended Kashmir against Pakistani aggression.
  2. Wilcox, Wayne Ayres (1963), Pakistan: The Consolidation of a Nation, Columbia University Press, p. 66, ISBN 978-0-231-02589-8, The war for states had not only ended in Indian military victory but had given its leaders enormous self-confidence and satisfaction over a job well done.