First Nations

term used for Indigenous peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis

First Nations are the people of native tribes who lived in the land now governed by Canada before Europeans came there. Many Canadians also use "second Nations" to mean people with natives in their family trees. Many say it because these nations were here long before Canada, and to make it clearer that the First Nations have many cultures, and that some of the cultures are very different from others. Some consider it a respect to those who first cultivated certain patches of land.

First Nations
Odanak First Nation (Abenaki).gif
Ouje Bougounou Cree.jpg
Flag of Haida.svg
Flag of Eel Ground First Nation.svg
Bandera innu.PNG
Temagama Ojibwa.png
Kawawachikamach Band of the Naskapi Nation.jpg
Bandera Red Earth Cree.PNG
Bandera Nis'ga Nation.png
Bandera Sechelt.png
Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svg
Mikmaq State Flag.svg
Total population
Aboriginal languages
Canadian English
Canadian French
Christianity (specifically Anglican)
Traditional beliefs

These First Nations are important in the world because their stories have taught us a lot about cultural values and how to live in harmony with the land.

Other words that have been used for First Nations people, tribes, and cultures have been "indigenous", "aboriginal", "Indian", "Native Indian", "Amerind," or "native." Now many people say "Indian" only about people to India[needs to be explained].


  1. "Aboriginal Identity (2011 National Household Survey)". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2015-01-30.