First Nations

term used for Indigenous peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis

First Nations (French: Premières Nations) are the people of native tribes who lived in the land now governed by Canada before Europeans came there. Many Canadians also use "second Nations" to mean people with natives in their family trees. Many say it because these nations were here long before Canada, and to make it clearer that the First Nations have many cultures, and that some of the cultures are very different from others. Some consider it a respect to those who first cultivated certain patches of land. The aboriginal people from Canada's Arctic are thought of as a different group of people, called the Inuit.[2]

First Nations
Premières Nations
Flag of Haida.svgMusqueam flag.png

Ouje Bougounou Cree.jpgFlag of Eel Ground First Nation.svg
Bandera innu.PNGTemagama Ojibwa.png
Kawawachikamach Band of the Naskapi Nation.jpgBandera Red Earth Cree.PNG
Bandera Nis'ga Nation.pngBandera Sechelt.png

Flag of the Iroquois Confederacy.svgMikmaq State Flag.svg
Total population
977,230[1] (Canada census 2016)
Languages
Aboriginal languages
Aboriginal English
Canadian French
Religion
Christianity
Traditional beliefs
Related ethnic groups
Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Métis

These First Nations are important in the world because their stories have taught us a lot about cultural values and how to live in harmony with the land.

Other words that have been used for First Nations people, tribes, and cultures have been "indigenous", "aboriginal", "Indian", "Native Indian", "Amerind," or "native." Now many people say "Indian" only about people to India[needs to be explained].

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Aboriginal peoples in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census". The Daily. Statistics Canada. 2017-10-25.
  2. "Terminology". First Nations & Indigenous Studies. Indigenous Foundations. University of British Columbia. Retrieved 19 June 2020.