First Nations in Canada

Indigenous peoples in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis
(Redirected from First Nations)

First Nations (French: Premières Nations) are the people of native tribes who lived in the land now governed by Canada before Europeans came there. Many say it because these nations were here long before Canada, and to make it clearer that the First Nations have many cultures, and that some of the cultures are very different from others. Some consider it a respect to those who first cultivated certain patches of land. The aboriginal people from Canada's Arctic are thought of as a different group of people, called the Inuit.[2]

First Nations
Premières Nations

Total population
977,230[1] (Canada census 2016)
Aboriginal languages
Canadian English
Canadian French
Traditional beliefs
Related ethnic groups
Native Americans, Alaska Natives, Métis

These First Nations are important in the world because their stories have taught us a lot about cultural values and how to live in harmony with the land.

Other words that have been used for First Nations people, tribes, and cultures have been "indigenous", "aboriginal", "Indian", "Native Indian", "Amerind," or "native." Now most people say "Indian" means people from India.


  1. "Aboriginal peoples in Canada: Key results from the 2016 Census". The Daily. Statistics Canada. 2017-10-25.
  2. "Terminology". First Nations & Indigenous Studies. Indigenous Foundations. University of British Columbia. Retrieved 19 June 2020.