Frank Robinson (August 31, 1935 – February 7, 2019) was an American professional baseball outfielder and manager. He played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for five teams from 1956 to 1976. He became the only player to win the MLB Most Valuable Player Award in both the National League and American League.
Robinson was the first black manager in MLB history. He managed the Cleveland Indians during the last two years of his playing career. He went on to manage the San Francisco Giants, the Baltimore Orioles, and the Montreal Expos/Washington Nationals. He was the honorary President of the American League.
- Great Baseball Feats, Facts and Figures, 2008 Edition, p.153, David Nemec and Scott Flatow, A Signet Book, Penguin Group, New York, ISBN 978-0-451-22363-0
- Waldman, Tyler. "Frank Robinson, Baseball Lifer And Orioles Legend, Has Died". WBAL.com. WBAL. Retrieved 7 February 2019.