Gabriel von Hackl

German artist (1843-1926)

Gabriel von Hackl (24 March 1843 – 5 June 1926) was a German-Austrian artist and art teacher. Most of his paintings were of historical subjects.[1]

Portrait of Gabriel von Hackl by an unknown artist

Hackl was born in Marburg an der Drau. At that time the town was part of Austria. Today it is part of Slovenia. His father was a surgeon. He learned anatomy from his father. He then studied art in Vienna. In 1865 he moved to Munich and studied at the Munich Academy of Fine Arts. He became a professor of drawing at the academy in 1880 and taught there until 1919. Hackl was a strict teacher. He wanted his students' drawings to be anatomically accurate. They learned by drawing plaster casts of ancient sculptures. His own drawings were very skillful and detailed.[1][2]

Hackl died in Munich at the age of 83. His famous pupils included Anton Ažbe and Giorgio de Chirico.[2][3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Thieme, Ulrich (1922). Allgemeines Lexikon der bildenden Künstler von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart, p. 416. E. A. Seemann (in German)
  2. 2.0 2.1 Mann, C. Griffith (2011). "Acquisitions 2010" Archived 2018-05-04 at the Wayback Machine. Cleveland Miseum of Art. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
  3. Preininger, Kristina and Smrekar, Andrej (2012). Slovene Impressionists and their Time 1890-1920, pp. 54–56 (electronic edition). Narodna Galerija. ISBN 9616743325