Gauteng

province of South Africa

Gauteng (/xˈtɛŋ/ khow-TENG;[4] Tswana: Gauteng; Sotho: Gauteng ; Zulu: eGoli; Tsonga: Gauteng/eXilungwini; Ndebele, Xhosa: iRhawuti; Southern Ndebele: I-Gauteng; Venda: Gauteng) is a province of South Africa. It is the smallest by area, though it is also the most populous in the country. Its capital is Johannesburg, the largest city in South Africa. It also hosts South Africa's legislative capital, Pretoria.

Gauteng
Flag of Gauteng
Flag
Motto(s): 
Map showing the location of Gauteng in the north-central part of South Africa
Location of Gauteng in South Africa
Country South Africa
Established28 April 1994
CapitalJohannesburg
Government
 • TypeParliamentary system
 • PremierDavid Makhura (ANC)
 • LegislatureGauteng Provincial Legislature
Area
 • Total18,176 km2 (7,018 sq mi)
Area rank9th in South Africa
Highest elevation
1,913 m (6,276 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1][2]
 • Total12,272,263
 • Estimate 
(2019)
15,176,115
 • Rank1st in South Africa
 • Density680/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
 • Density rank1st in South Africa
Population groups
 • African77.4%
 • White15.6%
 • Coloured3.5%
 • Indian or Asian2.9%
Languages
 • Zulu14.8%
 • English13.3%
 • Afrikaans12.4%
 • Southern Sotho12.1%
 • Northern Sotho11.6%
 • Tswana11.1%
 • Xhosa10.6%
 • Tsonga6.6%
 • Southern Ndebele3.2%
 • Venda2.3%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
ISO 3166 codeZA-GT
HDI (2017)0.735[3]
high · 2nd
Websitegautengonline.gov.za

GeographyEdit

The province borders the provinces of North West (west), the Free State (south), Limpopo (north), and Mpumalanga (east). It is the smallest province by area.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Census 2011: Census in brief (PDF). Pretoria: Statistics South Africa. 2012. ISBN 9780621413885. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 May 2015.
  2. Mid-year population estimates, 2019 (PDF) (Report). Statistics South Africa. 31 July 2019. p. 3. Retrieved 31 December 2019.
  3. "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. Gauteng, Oxford Dictionaries. Retrieved 09-10-2018

Other websitesEdit

Coordinates: 26°S 28°E / 26°S 28°E / -26; 28