République et canton de Genève
Location in Switzerland
|• Executive||Conseil d'État (7)|
|• Legislative||Grand Council (100)|
|• Total||282.49 km2 (109.07 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,500/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||CH-GE|
|Highest point||516 m (1,693 ft): Les Arales|
|Lowest point||332 m (1,089 ft): Rhône at Chancy|
Geneva is the seat of many institutions of the United Nations. It has about 186.000 inhabitants and a very old university. About 960.000 people live in the urban area. Some of the urban area is in France. Only Zürich has more inhabitants in Switzerland.
The first traces of human civilization in Geneva, discovered on the shores of Lake Geneva French: Lac Léman, date from around 3000 BC. The hill of the Old City, however, was not inhabited until 1000 BC. Later, when Rome conquered Geneva, it was defended by a small Celtic tribe. In 58 BC, Julius Caesar drove off an attack by the Helvetii. At the height of the Roman Empire, around 400 AD, Geneva was granted its own bishop.
Geneva does not have any districts. There are 45 municipalities in the canton:
- Arealstatistik Land Cover - Kantone und Grossregionen nach 6 Hauptbereichen accessed 27 October 2017
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 17 September 2018
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