George Henry Crumb Jr. (born October 24, 1929) is an American composer. His works are modern classical and avant-garde music. He is known for creating unusual timbres, alternative forms of notation, and extended instrumental and vocal techniques.
Crumb was born in Charleston, West Virginia. He studied at the University of Charleston, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and at the University of Michigan. He has one son, composer David and had one daughter actress Ann Crumb (who died in October 2019).
- "George Crumb". Encyclopedia Britannica. Archived from the original on 4 April 2019. Retrieved 8 September 2019.
- Richard Steinits, "Crumb, George (Henry)", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, secnd edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell (London: Macmillan Publishers, 2001).
- Nicolas Slonimsky, Laura Kuhn, and Dennis McIntire, "Crumb, George (Henry Jr.)", Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, edited by Nicolas Slonimsky and Laura Kuhn (New York, NY: Schirmer, 2001): 2:765–66.
- Mayfield, Connie (2012). Theory Essentials; An Integrated Approach to Harmony, Ear Training and Keyboard Skills. Cengage Learning. p. 560. ISBN 9781133308188.
- "2000 Grammy Award Winners". Grammy.com. Retrieved 4 December 2014.
- "Tony-nominated actress Ann Crumb dead at 69". November 1, 2019.
- Official home page
- Crumb's bio from Naxos
- George Crumb interview by Bruce Duffie, August 27, 1988
- Art of the States: George Crumb four works by the composer
- George Crumb: Voice of the Whale plays Vox Balaenae with a synchronized display of its score
- An interview with George Crumb in September, 2009 by Marc Medwin
- Recordings of premiere performances of The Yellow Moon of Andalusia and Yesteryear (revised 2015) San Francisco Contemporary Music Players