Georgia O'Keeffe

American modernist artist (1887–1986)

Georgia O’Keeffe (November 15 1887 – March 6 1986) was an American artist.[1] She is known for her colorful close-up painting of flowers.

Georgia O'Keeffe
O'Keeffe in 1918, photograph by Alfred Stieglitz
Georgia Totto O'Keeffe

(1887-11-15)November 15, 1887
Sun Prairie, Wisconsin
DiedMarch 6, 1986(1986-03-06) (aged 98)
Santa Fe, New Mexico
Known forVisual arts: painting, sculpture, photography
MovementAmerican modernism, Precisionism
Alfred Stieglitz
(m. 1924; died 2013)
AwardsNational Medal of Arts (1985)
Presidential Medal of Freedom (1977)
Edward MacDowell Medal (1972)
Blue and Green, 1921

She was born on November 15, 1887 on a farm in Sun Prairie, Wisconsin.[2] O'Keeffe studied art at the Art Institute of Chicago and the Art Students League of New York.[3]

Georgia O'Keeffe married Alfred Stieglitz in 1924. Stieglitz was a famous photographer and he helped O'Keeffe gain success in her career. He owned the gallery which held her first solo exhibition.[3]

In 1929 O'Keeffe traveled to New Mexico. She was inspired by the desert and light. She moved there in 1949.[2]

In 1970 the Whitney Museum of American Art held a retrospective exhibition of her work.[4]

O’Keeffe died on March 6, 1986 in Santa Fe at the age of 98.[5]

Auction record


O'Keefe holds the world auction record for a painting by a woman (November 2014). Her Jimson Weed/White Flower No 1 sold for $44.4m (£28.8m) at the O'Keeffe Museum in Santa Fe, New Mexico.[6] O'Keeffe's large-format depictions of flowers which she painted as if they had been seen in close-up.



  1. "Georgia O'Keeffe | Biography, Paintings, Art, Flowers, & Facts |". Britannica. 22 June 2023. Retrieved 4 August 2023.
  2. 3.0 3.1 Ignotofsky, Rachel (2019). Women in Art: 50 Fearless Creatives Who Inspired the World. Ten Speed Press. pp. 42–43. ISBN 978-0399580437.
  3. "O'Keeffe Exhibition: An Optical Treat (Published 1970)". The New York Times. 8 October 1970. Retrieved 4 August 2023.
  4. "Georgia O'Keeffe". RKD (in Dutch). Retrieved 4 August 2023.
  5. Georgia O'Keeffe painting sets auction record for female artist. BBC News. The report is followed by comments by Will Gompertz, BBC Arts Editor. [1]