German National People's Party

political party

The German National People's Party (German: Deutschnationale Volkspartei and short: DNVP) was national-conservative party of the time of the Weimar Republic and the Third Reich. This party was founded in 1918, after World War I. In June 1933, the DNVP merged with the NSDAP.

German National People's Party
Deutschnationale Volkspartei
Other nameGerman National Front (May–June 1933)[1]
Founded24 November 1918
Dissolved27 June 1933[2]
Merger of • German Fatherland Party
 • German Social Party[3]
 • German Völkisch Party[4]
 • German Conservative Party
 • Free Conservative Party
 • Christian Social Party[4]
 • National Liberal Party (far-right faction)
Succeeded byPre-war:
Single-party system of the NSDAP
Deutsche Rechtspartei (DKP-DRP)[5][6]
NewspaperSupported by the Hugenberg Group[7]
Youth wingBismarckjugend
Paramilitary wings • Der Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten
 • Kampfstaffeln
Policy institutePan-German League
Women’s wingQueen Louise League (unofficial)
Trade unions • Deutschnational Arbeiterbund
 • Deutschnationaler Angestelltenbund
Membership950,000 (c. 1923)
German nationalism
National conservatism[8]
Social conservatism
Military rearmament
Right-wing populism[9][10]
Authoritarian conservatism[11]
Reactionary monarchism[12][13][14]
Anti-Treaty of Versailles
Political positionRight-wing[16][17] to far-righta[›][18][19]
Political alliance • Opposition to the Young Plan (1929)
 • Harzburg Front (1931)
Electoral allianceBlack-White-Red Struggle Front (1933)
Colours  Black,   white and   red
(official, German Imperial colours)
  Light blue (customary)
Seats in the
Reichstag (1924)
103 / 493
Party flag

^ a: The German National People's Party (DNVP) was divided between reactionary conservative monarchists and more radical völkisch and anti-semitic elements.

Chairman Edit

References Edit

  1. Leopold, John Alfred Hugenberg The Radical Nationalist Campaign against the Weimar Republic, New Haven: Yale University Press, 1977 page 149.
  2. "Nazis Outlaw Nationalists As Rival Party", Milwaukee Sentinel, June 28, 1933, p2
  3. Larry Eugene Jones, The German Right in the Weimar Republic: Studies in the History of German Conservatism, Nationalism, and Antisemitism, Berghahn Books, 2014, p. 80
  4. 4.0 4.1 Winkler, Heinrich August (2000), Germany: The Long Road West, 1789–1933, Oxford University Press, p. 352
  5. R. Eatwell, Fascism: A History, London: Pimlico, 2003, p. 277
  6. Dudek, Peter; Jaschke, Hans-Gerd (1984). Entstehung und Entwicklung des Rechtsextremismus in der Bundesrepublik. Vol. 1. Westdeutscher Verlag. pp. 181–201.
  7. Robert Wistrich, Who's Who in Nazi Germany, Bonanza Books, 1984, p. 157
  8. Ulrike Ehret (2012). "The Catholic right, political Catholicism and radicalism: the Catholic right in Germany". Church, Nation and Race: Catholics and Antisemitism in Germany and England, 1918-45. Manchester University Press. ISBN 978-1-84779-452-9.
  9. Kitchen, Martin (2006), Europe Between the Wars: A Political History (Second ed.), Pearson Education, p. 249
  10. Barth, Boris (2006), Genozid: Völkermord im 20. Jahrhundert : Geschichte, Theorien, Kontroversen (in German), C. H. Beck, p. 176
  11. Seymour M. Lipset, "Social Stratification and 'Right-Wing Extremism'" British Journal of Sociology 10#4 (1959), pp. 346-382 on-line
  12. Serge, Victor (2011), Witness to the German Revolution, Haymarket Books, p. 232
  13. Gunlicks, Arthur B. (2011), Comparing Liberal Democracies: The United States, United Kingdom, France, Germany, and the European Union, iUniverse, p. 127
  14. Ringer, Fritz K. (1990), The Decline of the German Mandarins: The German Academic Community, 1890–1933, University Press of New England, p. 201
  15. Eric D. Weitz, Weimar Germany: Promise and Tragedy. (Princeton: Princeton University, 2007), 95–96.
  16. Jones, Larry Eugene; Retallack, James (1992). Introduction. Elections, Mass Politics and Social Change in Modern Germany: New Perspectives. Cambridge University Press. p. 11.
  17. Stibbe, Matthew (2010). Germany, 1914–1933: Politics, Society and Culture. Pearson Education. p. 212.
  18. Caldwell, Peter C. (1997), Popular Sovereignty and the Crisis of German Constitutional Law: The Theory & Practice of Weimar Constitutionalism, Duke University Press, p. 74
  19. Caldwell, Peter C. (2008), "The Citizen and the Republic in Germany, 1918–1935", Citizenship and National Identity in Twentieth-Century Germany, Stanford University Press, p. 48