Giacomo Biffi

Catholic cardinal

Giacomo Biffi (13 June 1928 – 11 July 2015) was an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.[1] He was Archbishop Emeritus of Bologna, having served as archbishop there from 1984 to 2003. He was elevated to the cardinalate in 1985.


  1. Magister, Sandro (16 November 2010). "The Inconvenient Memoirs of Cardinal Biffi". Gruppo Editoriale L’Espresso Spa. Archived from the original on 12 July 2015. Retrieved 12 July 2015. – English translation of selected excerpts