Giant anteater

species of mammal
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The giant anteater, Myrmecophaga, is an animal that lives in Central and South America.It is also known as the ant bear

Giant anteater
Scientific classification

Linnaeus, 1758
Binomial name
Myrmecophaga tridactyla
Linnaeus, 1758

It the only mammal without teeth. Its diet consists of termites and ants, hence the name. It is the largest anteater: its length is between 182 cm and 217 cm. Males weigh between 33 and 41 kg, female are 27 and 39 kg. This species lives on the ground, in contrast to other living anteaters and sloths which are arboreal or semi-arboreal. It forages in open areas and rests in more forested habitats.

Mode of life change

The giant anteater is adapted to eat termites and ants, and does not have any teeth in its mouth. It uses its front claws to dig them up and its long, sticky tongue to collect them. They eat about 30,000 ants and termites every day.[1]

The tongue can reach up to 45 cm (18 in), longer than the length of the skull, and move in and out around 160 times per minute (nearly three times per second). The anteater's tongue has little to no attachments to the hyoid and this is what allows it to flick its tongue at such distances and speed.[2][3][4][5] The hyoid apparatus is large, V-shaped and flexible and supports the tongue as it goes in and out of the mouth.[4][6] Before being swallowed, insects are crushed against the palate.[7]

The giant anteater knuckle-walks, meaning its front toes are curled under like a fist when it moves. It is one of only a few animals other than primates that do this.[8]

Related pages change

References change

  1. "Giant Anteater | San Diego Zoo Animals & Plants". Retrieved 2019-05-06.
  2. Reiss, K. Z. (1997). "Myology of the Feeding Apparatus of Myrmecophagid Anteaters (Xenarthra: Myrmecophagidae)". Journal of Mammalian Evolution. 4 (2): 87–117. doi:10.1023/A:1027366129277. S2CID 42891487.
  3. Reiss, K. Z. (2000). "Feeding in Myrmecophagous Mammals". In Schwenk, K. (ed.). Feeding: Form, Function and Evolution in Tetrapod Vertebrates. Academic Press. pp. 464–474. ISBN 0-12-632590-1.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Casali, D. M.; Martins-Santos, E.; Santos, A. L. Q.; Miranda, F. R.; Mahecha, G. A. B.; Perini, F. A. (2017). "Morphology of the tongue of Vermilingua (Xenarthra: Pilosa) and evolutionary considerations". Journal of Morphology. 278 (10): 1380–1399. doi:10.1002/jmor.20718. PMID 28643449. S2CID 13644895.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. Feldhamer, G. A.; et al. (2007). Mammalogy: Adaptation, Diversity, Ecology. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 121. ISBN 978-0-8018-8695-9.
  6. Borges, N. C.; Nardotto, J. R. B.; Oliveira, R. S. L.; Rüncos, L. H. E.; Ribeiro, R. E.; Bogoevich, A M. (2017). "Anatomy description of cervical region and hyoid apparatus in living giant anteaters Myrmecophaga tridactyla Linnaeus, 1758". Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira. 37 (11): 1345–1351. doi:10.1590/s0100-736x2017001100025.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  7. Naples V. 2001. "Anteaters", in MacDonald D. (ed) The Encyclopedia of Mammals. 2nd ed, Oxford University Press. p788–91. ISBN 0-7607-1969-1
  8. Caley M Orr (2005). "Knuckle-walking Anteater: A Convergence Test of Adaptation for Purported Knuckle-Walking Features of African Hominidae". Am J Phys Anthropol. 128 (3): 639–58. doi:10.1002/ajpa.20192. PMID 15861420. Retrieved July 8, 2020.