Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette

French general and politician

Marie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de La Fayette (6 September 1757 – 20 May 1834), known in the United States as Lafayette, was a French artistocrat, politician and Liberal thinker. He believed in Enlightenment, and played an important role both in the American War of Independence and the French Revolution.[2] In 1789, he presented a draft of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. He worked on the document with Thomas Jefferson who was the American ambassador in Paris, at the time.

Marquis de Lafayette
Lafayette as a lieutenant general in 1791; portrait by Joseph-Désiré Court
Birth nameMarie-Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert du Motier de La Fayette
NicknameThe Hero of the Two Worlds (Le Héros des Deux Mondes)[1]
Born(1757-09-06)6 September 1757
Chavaniac, France
Died20 May 1834(1834-05-20) (aged 76)
Paris, France
Buried atPicpus Cemetery
Allegiance Kingdom of France (1771–1777, 1781–1791)
 United States (1777–1781)
Kingdom of France (1791–1792)
French First Republic (1792)
Kingdom of France (1830)
Service/branch
Years of service1771–1792
1830
Rank
  • Major general (U.S.)
  • Lieutenant general (France)
Battles/warsAmerican Revolutionary War

French Revolution

War of the First Coalition
July Revolution
AwardsOrder of Saint Louis
Other work
Signature

Birth and familyEdit

Gilbert du Motier was born at the "château de Chavaniac" in southern France. His father "Louis Christophe du Motier" was Marquis of La Fayette in his own right. His mother was Marie Louise Jolie de La Rivière. She was from an aristocratic family from the north part of France.

ChildrenEdit

  1. Adrienne Henriette Catherine Charlotte du Motier (Hôtel de Noailles 15 December 1775- Paris 3 October 1777) died young.[3]
  2. Anastasie Louise Pauline Motier du Motier (Paris 1 July 1777 - Turin 24 February 1863, Turin) married Jules César Charles de Fay, Count of La Tour Maubourg.
  3. George Washington Louis Gilbert du Motier (24 December 1779 - 29 November 1849) died childless but married Émilie d'Estutt de Tracy.
  4. Marie Antoinette Virginie du Motier (17 September 1782 - 23 July 1849) married Louis de Lasteyrie du and no u, Marquis of Lasteyrie.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Carlier Jeannie, Lafayette, Héros des deux Mondes, Payot, 1988.
  2. Gregory Payan, Marquis de Lafayette: French Hero of the American Revolution (New York: PowerPlus Books, 2002), pp. 5–6
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Adrienne de Noailles, Marquise de La Fayette". This is Versailles. 23. september 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2015. Check date values in: |date= (help)CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)