The greater flamingo (Phoenicopterus roseus) is the most widespread species of the flamingo family. It is found in the wetlands areas of Africa, southwest Europe, and South Asia. This is the largest species of flamingo, averaging up to 5 feet tall, and weighing 8 lbs. Their wingspan is 4 to 6 feet. Greater flamingos live up to 20 years in the wild. Their diet consists of seeds, algae, and small invertebrates.
|Greater flamingo in Walvis Bay, Namibia|
The bird lives in mudflats and shallow coastal lagoons with salt water. Using its feet, the bird stirs up the mud, then sucks water through its bill and filters out small shrimp, seeds, blue-green algae, microscopic organisms and molluscs. The greater flamingo feeds with its head down. Its upper jaw is movable and not rigidly fixed to its skull. It was the state bird of Junagadh State.
- BirdLife International (2008). "Phoenicopterus roseus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 17 April 2009. Cite has empty unknown parameter:
|last-author-amp=(help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- "Flamingo Feeding". Stanford University. Retrieved 11 March 2013.