The history of hapkido is enough confused, but many resources believe it to be the work of two Koreans: Choi Yong Sul (1904-1986) and Ji Han Jae (1936-). When was child, Choi had been in Japan, where it seems that he worked as servant for the master of Daito ryu Aiki jutsu, Sokaku Takeda.
Choi had demonstrated qualities in Daito-ryu Aiki-jutsu and often in Takeda they sent him in order to face with other persons who performed martial arts. From his return to Korea, Choi had begun to give classes of martial arts. One of his students, Ji Han Jae, had made Korean traditional techniques of kicks and punches (obtained from taekkyon and from hwarangdo) a part of the collection of techniques and in result he gave it the name of hapkido in the 1959.
Besides of Choi and Ji, many schools of Korean martial arts have taken part in the development of several techniques that have helped in causing such hapkido as it is known it.
- (in Spanish) Sin Moo Hapkido in Spain
- Official Website
- (in Spanish) Spanish Association Yang Hum Kwan Hapkido Archived 2008-05-03 at the Wayback Machine
- (in French) Official Website Sin Moo Hapkido in France Archived 2008-06-30 at the Wayback Machine
- (in Spanish) Site of the Hapki Yu Kwon Sul of Land of Basques Archived 2021-02-25 at the Wayback Machine
- Official Website of the Cheong Kyum Association Archived 2010-02-09 at the Wayback Machine