|Centuries:||19th century – 20th century – 21st century|
|Decades:||1900s 1910s 1920s – 1930s – 1940s 1950s 1960s|
|Years:||1933 1934 1935 – 1936 – 1937 1938 1939|
- January 2 – Roger Miller, American singer (d. 1992)
- January 28 – Alan Alda, American actor
- March 9 – Mickey Gilley, American singer, Nightclub owner
- March 26 - Giora Feidman, Israeli clarinetist
- May 7 – Tony O'Reilly, Irish billionaire
- May 16 - Edmond Classen, Dutch actor (d. 2014)
- May 17 – Dennis Hopper, American actor (d. 2010)
- June 2 – Sally Kellerman, American actress
- December 22 – Wojciech Frykowski, Polish actor (d. 1969)
- September 21 – Yury Luzhkov, Mayor of Moscow
- October 10 – Gerhard Ertl, German physicist, Nobel prize winner (chemistry)
- January 15 – The first building to be completely covered in glass is completed in Toledo, Ohio, for the Owens-Illinois Glass Company.
- January 16 – Serial killer Albert Fish executed in Sing Sing
- January 20 – Death of George V of the United Kingdom. His son Edward VIII succeedes him as King of the United Kingdom, King of Ireland and Emperor of India.
- January 24 – Albert Serraut's government begins in France.
- January 31 – The Green Hornet radio show debuts.
- February 4 – Radium E. becomes the first radioactive element to be made synthetically.
- February 6 – The 1936 Winter Olympic Games opens in Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Germany.
- February 10-15 – Italian troops defeat Abyssinian army in Enderta
- From February 14, 1936, to March 1, 1945, AG Weser launched a total of 162 U-boats.
- February 19 – Manuel Aznar's government begins in Spain
- February 26 – 1400 Japanese soldiers invade government offices in Tokyo. They demand arrest of general Kazushige Ugaki and that general Sadao Araki made head of the Kwantung Army and death of the Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal, the minister of Finance and Inspector General of Military Education
- February 29 – Emperor Hirohito orders Japanese army to arrest 123 conspirators in Tokyo government offices – 19 of them are executed in July.
- December 11 – King Edward VIII gives up his throne to marry the woman he loves.
- Summer-The central and southern United States are hit by a major heat wave.