Har Gobind Khorana

Indian-American molecular biologist (1922-2011)

Har Gobind Khorana (Sindhi: هار گوبند خرانه) (also known as Hargobind Khorana; 9 January 1922 – 9 November 2011)[1][2] was a biochemist. He shared the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley.

Har Gobind Khorana
هار گوبند خرانه
Born9 January, 1922
Died9 November, 2011
NationalityBritish Indian
AwardsNobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

He worked in Madison, Columbia, and Boston.

Their work was on the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids. Each triplet of nucleotides codes for a particular amino acid. Therefore the nucleic acid sequence controls how proteins are built. Khorana was the first to build a synthetic gene, in 1970. This helped a lot, with decoding the genetic code, which is based on amino acids.

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  1. Caruthers, M.; Wells, R. (2011). "Har Gobind Khorana (1922-2011)". Science. 334 (6062): 1511. Bibcode:2011Sci...334.1511C. doi:10.1126/science.1217138. PMID 22174242. S2CID 206539004.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Rajbhandary, U. L. (2011). "Har Gobind Khorana (1922–2011)". Nature. 480 (7377): 322. Bibcode:2011Natur.480..322R. doi:10.1038/480322a. PMID 22170673. S2CID 205068970.