Harare

capital of Zimbabwe

Harare is the capital of Zimbabwe. It is home to over 1.6 million people. It was known as Salisbury from its foundation on September 12, 1890 until April 18, 1982.

Harare
Clockwise, from top: Harare skyline; Parliament of Zimbabwe (front) and the Anglican Cathedral (behind); Heroes Acre monument; New Reserve Bank Tower; downtown Harare; Jacaranda trees lining Josiah Chinamano Avenue
Clockwise, from top: Harare skyline; Parliament of Zimbabwe (front) and the Anglican Cathedral (behind); Heroes Acre monument; New Reserve Bank Tower; downtown Harare; Jacaranda trees lining Josiah Chinamano Avenue
Flag of Harare
Flag
Coat of arms of Harare
Coat of arms
Nicknames: 
Sunshine City, H Town
Motto(s): 
  • Pamberi Nekushandira Vanhu  (Shona)
  • "Forward with Service to the People"
Location of Harare Province in Zimbabwe
Location of Harare Province in Zimbabwe
Coordinates: 17°49′45″S 31°3′8″E / 17.82917°S 31.05222°E / -17.82917; 31.05222Coordinates: 17°49′45″S 31°3′8″E / 17.82917°S 31.05222°E / -17.82917; 31.05222
CountryZimbabwe
ProvinceHarare
Founded1890
Incorporated (city)1935
Renamed Harare1982
Government
 • MayorHerbert Gomba[1]
Area
 • City and Province960.6 km2 (370.9 sq mi)
Elevation
1,490 m (4,890 ft)
Population
 (2013)
 • City and Province1,606,000
 • Density2,540/km2 (4,330/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,619,000[2]
Demonym(s)Hararean
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
Area code(s)242
ClimateCwb
Websitehararecity.co.zw
Dialling code 242 (or 0242 from within Zimbabwe)

Harare is Zimbabwe's leading financial, commercial, and communications centre, and a trade centre for tobacco, maize, cotton, and citrus fruits. Manufactured goods include textiles, steel and chemicals, and gold is mined in the area. The city's suburbs include Borrowdale, Mount Pleasant and Avondale. The richest neighbourhoods are to the north. The University of Zimbabwe, the country's oldest university (founded in 1952), is situated in Mount Pleasant, about 6 km (3.7 mi) north of the city centre. Harare is home to the country's main Test cricket ground, Harare Sports Club, and to Dynamos F.C., Zimbabwe's most successful association football team.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Mayor 2013–2018". City of Harare. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013.
  2. "Demographia World Urban Areas PDF (March 2013)" (PDF). Demographia. Retrieved 24 November 2013.