Hector Burton

Australian Aboriginal artist (1938-2017)

Hector Tjupuru Burton (about 1937 – 27 February 2017) is an Australian Aboriginal artist. He is a leading artist from Amaṯa, in north-western South Australia. His work has been shown in exhibitions since 2003, in several cities in Australia and other countries. His first solo exhibition was held in 2004, in Melbourne.[1][2] Examples of his paintings are held in the National Gallery of Victoria,[3] the Art Gallery of South Australia,[1] the Art Gallery of New South Wales,[4] and Flinders University.[2]

Hector Burton
Bornc. 1937
Died27 February 2017
Nationality Australian
Years active2003 – present
StyleWestern Desert art
Awards2014 Red Ochre Award

Burton had paintings chosen as finalists for the National Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Art Awards in 2011 and 2012.[5][6]

Early lifeEdit

Burton was born some time in the late 1930s.[7] He was born near what is now Pipalyatjara, in north-west South Australia. A member of the Pitjantjatjara people, his childhood was spent living a traditional lifestyle in the bush. When he was still a child, Burton and his parents came out of the desert and settled at Ernabella.[1] As a young man, Burton worked as a ringer at the large cattle station called Curtin Springs. He later moved to Amaṯa where he worked building dams, fences and cattle yards outside the town. He also later worked on a building project in Ernabella.[1]

Burton is a senior custodian of traditional Pitjantjatjara law (Tjukurpa or Dreaming). His father's homeland, to the west of Irrunytju, is closely associated with the Anumara Tjukurpa (Caterpillar Dreaming) and the Malu Tjukurpa (Red Kangaroo Dreaming). His mother is from Lake Wilson. These legends are the subjects of many of his paintings.[1]


Burton started painting in 2002.[8] He paints for Tjala Arts, Amaṯa's community-based art company.[9] When he started, the company was called Minymaku Arts. Painting among Pitjantjatjara was originally done by women only (minymaku means "women's"). Men did not join the women until several years later, because they were afraid of revealing too much spiritual knowledge (which in Western Desert cultures is meant to be kept secret). Burton was one of the first men at Amaṯa to begin painting;[10] the company changed its name to Tjala Arts in 2004, after several other men joined him.

The art community at Amaṯa is still strongly conservative. Only the basics of traditional beliefs are described in their works. To keep the meanings of his paintings hidden, Burton uses dotting and other techniques to disguise sacred figures and ancient symbols. He is a strong supporter of maintaing strict forms of secrecy when it comes to art produced in his community.[10] He is now a board member of Tjala Arts,[1] and often coordinates projects and exhibitions with the other artists.[11][12]

Burton's early paintings represent legends from his family's Dreaming. They also show strong Christian influences.[10] Burton was taught by Presbyterian missionaries when he was growing up at Ernabella, and he mixed these beliefs with his family's Dreaming. When he was older, he was ordained as a minister, and is now a senior member of the Church on the Aṉangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Lands.[1]

Since the later part of 2011, Burton and several other men from Amaṯa have led a project to change the subject of their artists' work. Instead of depicting sacred Dreaming knowledge, he and the other board members of Tjala Arts have encouraged their artists to paint about other things (such as the landscape or wildlife). Burton and the other leaders decided that the popularity of Western Desert art had resulted in people asking too many questions about their traditional designs and too much secret knowledge being revealed.[10][13] The centre's first exhibition under this project was held in March 2012, in Alice Springs.[12][14] The exhibition was called Punu-Nguru (From the Trees) and its paintings depicted traditional designs of trees from the artists' home countries.[10]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Ananguku Arts, ed. (2010). Tjukurpa Pulkatjara: The Power of the Law. Wakefield Press. p. 62. ISBN 9781862548909.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Details of Hector Tjupuru Burton". Short Street Gallery. Archived from the original on 26 March 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Hector Burton". Collection Online. National Gallery of Victoria. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Works by Hector Burton". Art Gallery of New South Wales. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  5. "Arumara Tjukurpa". 28th National Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Art Award. Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory. 2011. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  6. "Punu-ngura". 29th National Aboriginal & Torres Strait Islander Art Award. Museum and Art Gallery of the Northern Territory. 2012. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
  7. The exact year of Hector Burton's birth is not known. He was probably born in the late 1930s. The Art Gallery of New South Wales says he was born around 1937,[4] while the National Gallery of Victoria estimates it was about 1939.[3]
  8. Desart; et al. (21 October 2011). "Submission in response to the National Cultural Policy Discussion Paper by ANKAAA, Desart and Ananguku Arts" (PDF). Australian Government, Minister for the Arts. p. 6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  9. "Hector Burton". Design and Art Australia Online. College of Fine Arts. 19 October 2011. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 Rothwell, Nicolas (1 March 2012). "Mysteries of desert kings stay concealed among the trees". The Australian. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  11. Rothwell, Nicolas (17 March 2011). "Grief inspires sacred paintings". The Australian. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Group exhibition: Punu-Nguru (From the Trees) group show by Tjala Arts". Australian Art Collector. Archived from the original on 24 March 2012. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  13. Rothwell, Nicolas (1 March 2012). "Trees hide secrets endangered by success". The Australian. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  14. Finnane, Kieran (20 March 2012). "For the leaves of the family tree". Alice Springs News Online. Retrieved 1 December 2012.