former name of Kyoto, capital of Japan 794-1868

Heian-kyō (平安京, literally "tranquility and peace capital") was the capital of Japan from 794 to 1868.[1] Heian-kyō is one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto.

map of Heian-kyō

In 794, Emperor Kammu established this city as Japan's capital. The move from Heijō-kyō to Heian-kyo marks the beginning of the Heian period of Japanese history.[2]

City planning change

The design of Heian-kyō mirrored grid pattern of Chang'an, which was the Tang Dynasty capital of China.

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References change

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Heian-kyō" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 303-304.
  2. Hall, John Whitney. (1988). The Cambridge History of Japan, p. 516–517.

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35°00′N 135°46′E / 35.000°N 135.767°E / 35.000; 135.767