last major division of classical Japanese history (794 to 1185), named after the capital city of Heian-kyō, or modern Kyōto
The Heian period (平安時代, Heian jidai) is a time in the Japanese history from 794 to 1185. This grouping of years is named after city of Heian-kyō, which is the early name of present day Kyoto.
The Heian period began in 794 when the capital of Japan was moved to Heian-kyō. It lasted until 1185, which is the beginning of the Kamakura period.
In this period Kyoto was the center of Japanese culture. It was also in this period that the first known novel was published. The author was a woman. Poetry was very popular in Heian-kyo at the time.
- 794: Emperor Kammu moves the capital to Heian-kyō.
- 804: Saichō (also known as Dengyo Daishi) establishes the Tendai Buddhist sect in Japan.
- 806: Kūkai (also known as Kōbō-Daishi) establishes the Shingon Bhuddist sect in Japan
- 858: Reign of Emperor Seiwa begins; the power of the Fujiwara clan expands
- 895: Sugawara Michizane persuades Emperor Uda to suspend Imperial embassies to China.
- 1053: Byōdō-in temple near Kyōto is completed
- 1087: Emperor Shirakawa abdicates and becomes a Buddhist monk, the beginning of the Insei system of Imperial government
- 1185: Death of Emperor Antoku; Taira clan is defeated in the Gempei War
- ↑ Library of Congress Country Studies, Japan,"Nara and Heian Periods". Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- ↑ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2002). "Heian-jidai" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 302.
- ↑ Brown, Delmer M. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 277-279.
- ↑ History of Tendai Buddhism Archived 2011-10-16 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- ↑ Koyosan Shingon Buddhism Archived 2011-10-02 at the Wayback Machine, Kobo Daishi Archived 2012-02-16 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- ↑ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 115-121; Brown, pp. 286-288; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 166-17.
- ↑ Kitagawa, Hiroshi et al. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 222.
- ↑ Asian Historical Architecture, Byōdō-in. Retrieved 2011-10-20.
- ↑ Titsingh, p. 171; Brown, p. 316; Varley, p. 202.
- ↑ Kitagawa, p. 787; Titsingh, pp. 211-212.
Media related to Heian period at Wikimedia Commons
- Metropolitan Museum of Art, Heian Period (794–1185)
- British Museum, Heian period (AD 794-1185)
- Japan-guide.com, Nara and Heian Periods (710-1185)