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Henry James OM (1843–1916) was an Anglo-American novelist. He was one of the most important literary people of the late 19th century. James was the son of Henry James Senior, a clergyman, and the brother of William James, the psychologist and philosopher. He grew up mostly in the United States but spent the majority of his life in England. He became a British citizen in 1915. His sister, Alice James, was also a writer.
Henry James Jr.
Henry James in 1890
|Born||April 15, 1843|
New York City, United States
|Died||February 28, 1916 (aged 72)|
|Alma mater||Harvard Law School|
|Notable works||The Turn of the Screw|
The Portrait of a Lady
The Wings of the Dove
|Relatives||Henry James, Sr. (father), William James (brother), Alice James (sister)|
In his novels, he wrote from the viewpoint of one of the characters. Some literary critics compared this to impressionist painting. In his own literary criticism, James insisted that writers be allowed the greatest possible freedom in how they looked at the world. He thought a text should be realistic, and its account of life be recognisable to its readers. Good novels, to James, show life in action and are interesting.
He published fictional books, articles and books of travel, biography, autobiography, and criticism, and wrote plays, some of which were performed during his lifetime. His plays probably influenced his later novels and tales.