Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)

World Heritage Site

Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities) is the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Kyoto in Kyoto Prefecture, Japan.[1]

Historic Monuments of Ancient Kyoto (Kyoto, Uji and Otsu Cities)
UNESCO World Heritage Site
Kinkakuji 2004-09-21.jpg
Kinkakuji in Kyoto
LocationKansai region, Honshu, Japan
CriteriaCultural: (ii), (iv)
Reference688
Inscription1994 (18th Session)
Area1,056 ha (2,610 acres)
Buffer zone3,579 ha (8,840 acres)

The site covers 17 locations in three cities — in Kyoto, in Uji (Kyoto Prefecture) and in Ōtsu (Shiga Prefecture). Three of these places are Shinto shrines and 13 are Buddhist temples. A castle is also included in the group.

HistoryEdit

Kyoto was Japan's capital city from 794 until the late-19th century. Some of the city's historic structures show what life was like in the capital in those centuries.[1]

The World Heritage Site has 17 properties which were established between the 10th century and the 19th century. Each is representative of the period in which it was built.[2]

The several properties include 38 buildings which have been identified by the Japanese Government as "National Treasures". There are 160 properties which have been named as "Important Cultural Properties". There are 8 gardens which have been recognized as "Special Places of Scenic Beauty". There are 4 designated as "Places of Scenic Beauty".

In 1994, UNESCO listed parts of Kyoto as a World Heritage Site.[1]

TableEdit

Name Image Location Notes
Kamigamo Shrine (上賀茂神社, Kamigamo Jinja) or Kamo-wakeikazuchi Shrine (賀茂別雷神社, Kamo-Wakeikazuchi-jinja)
or
  Kita-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Shimogamo Shrine (下鴨神社, Shimogamo Jinja) or Kamo-mioya Shrine (賀茂御祖神社, Kamo-mioya-jinja)   Kyoto Kyoto Sakyou-kuSakyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Kyōōgokoku-ji (教王護国寺)
(Tō-ji (東寺))
  Kyoto Kyoto Minami-kuMinami-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Kiyomizu-dera (清水寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Higashiyama-kuHigashiyama-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Enryaku-ji (延暦寺)   Shiga OotsuŌtsu, Shiga cultural site
Daigo-ji (醍醐寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Fushimi-kuFushimi-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Ninna-ji (仁和寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Ukyou-kuUkyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Byōdō-in (平等院)   Kyoto UjiUji, Kyoto cultural site
Ujigami Shrine (宇治上神社, Ujigami Jinja)   Kyoto UjiUji, Kyoto cultural site
Kōzan-ji (高山寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Ukyou-kuUkyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Saihō-ji (西芳寺) or Koke-dera (苔寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Nishikyou-kuNishikyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Tenryū-ji (天龍寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Ukyou-kuUkyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Rokuon-ji (鹿苑寺) or Kinkaku-ji (金閣寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Kita-kuKita-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Jishō-ji (慈照寺) or Ginkaku-ji (銀閣寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Sakyou-kuSakyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Ryōan-ji (龍安寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Ukyou-kuUkyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Nishi Hongan-ji (西本願寺)   Kyoto Kyoto Shimogyou-kuShimogyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site
Nijō Castle (二条城, Nijō-jō)   Kyoto Kyoto Nakagyou-kuNakagyō-ku, Kyoto cultural site

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Kyoto at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 34°58′50″N 135°46′10″E / 34.98056°N 135.76944°E / 34.98056; 135.76944