Shiga Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Shiga Prefecture (滋賀県, Shiga-ken) is a prefecture in the Kansai region of Japan on the island of Honshu.[1] The capital is the city of Ōtsu.[2]

Shiga Prefecture
Flag of Shiga Prefecture
Official seal of Shiga Prefecture
Shiga Prefecture in Japan
Shiga Prefecture in Japan
Country Japan
 • GovernorTaizō Mikazuki
 • Total4,017 km2 (1,551 sq mi)
 (October 1, 2020)
 • Total1,413,610
 • Density351.9/km2 (911/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+09:00 (JST)
Postal code
Area code25000-7
ISO 3166 codeJP-25
WebsiteOfficial website

History change

Shiga used to be called Ōmi Province or Gōshū before Japan began using the prefectural system.[3]

Geography change

Shiga borders Fukui Prefecture in the north Gifu Prefecture is in the east. Mie Prefecture is in the southeast. Kyoto Prefecture is in the west.

Lake Biwa is at the center of this prefecture. The lake divides the prefecture into four areas:

  • Kohoku (湖北), north of lake and centered at Nagahama
  • Kosei (湖西), west of lake and centered at Imazu
  • Kotō (湖東), east of lake and centered at Hikone
  • Konan (湖南), south of lake and centered at Ōtsu

Cities change

Cities in Shiga Prefecture include

National Parks change

National Parks are established in about 37% of the total land area of the prefecture.[4]

Education change

University of Shiga Prefecture

There are ten universities, two junior colleges, and a learning center of The Open University of Japan in Shiga.[5]

Sister states change

Shiga has agreements with three states.[6]

Shrines and Temples change

Takebe jinja is the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) in the prefecture. [7]

Related pages change

References change

  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Shiga-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 853; "Kansai" at p. 477; JETRO, Shiga Prefecture, Regional Information Archived 2013-01-22 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-4-6.
  2. Nussbaum, "Ōtsu" at p. 765.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-14.
  5. Shiga Prefecture. "滋賀県内の大学・短期大学" [Universities and junior colleges in Shiga prefecture] (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2011-05-08.
  6. Shiga Prefecture. "滋賀県の紹介(滋賀県の国際交流 姉妹・友好都市)" [Introduction of Shiga prefecture; International exchanges of Shiga, friendship sister cities] (in Japanese). Archived from the original on 2011-06-13. Retrieved 2010-11-25.
  7. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 1 Archived 2013-05-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-3-14.

Further reading change

  • Shiga-ken hyakka jiten (滋賀県百科事典, trans., Encyclopedia Shiga), 1984. Tokyo: Yamato Shobo.

Other websites change

  Media related to Shiga prefecture at Wikimedia Commons

35°7′N 136°4′E / 35.117°N 136.067°E / 35.117; 136.067