Lake Biwa

freshwater lake in Japan

Lake Biwa (Japanese: 琵琶湖) is the largest lake in Japan that is located in Shiga Prefecture.

Lake Biwa
Lake biwa.jpg
Lake Biwa from space
Lake Biwa is located in Japan
Lake Biwa
Lake Biwa
Coordinates35°20′N 136°10′E / 35.333°N 136.167°E / 35.333; 136.167Coordinates: 35°20′N 136°10′E / 35.333°N 136.167°E / 35.333; 136.167
TypeAncient lake, tectonic, freshwater
Primary inflows118 rivers
Primary outflowsSeta River
Catchment area3,174 km2 (1,225 sq mi)
Basin countriesJapan
Max. length63.49 km (39.45 mi)
Max. width22.8 km (14.2 mi)
Surface area670.3 km2 (258.8 sq mi)
Max. depth104 m (341 ft)
Water volume27.5 km3 (6.6 cu mi)
Residence time5.5 years
Shore length1235.2 km (146.1 mi)
Surface elevation85.6 m (281 ft)
Islands3
SettlementsHigashiōmi, Hikone, Kusatsu, Maibara, Moriyama, Nagahama, Ōmihachiman, Ōtsu, Takashima, Yasu
Official nameBiwa-ko
DesignatedJune 10, 1993
Reference no.617
1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.