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Gifu Prefecture

prefecture of Japan

Gifu Prefecture (岐阜県, Gifu-ken) is a prefecture in the Chūbu region of Japan. It is on the island of Honshu.[1] Its capital is the city of Gifu.[2]

Gifu Prefecture
Japanese: 岐阜県
Map of Japan with Gifu highlighted
Capital Gifu
Region Chūbu
Island Honshū
Governor Hajime Furuta
Area (rank) 10,621.17 km² (7th)
 - % water 0.2%
Population  (August 1, 2010)
 - Population 2,078,286 (18th)
 - Density 196 /km²
Districts 9
Municipalities 42
ISO 3166-2 JP-21
Prefectural Symbols
 - Flower Chinese milk vetch
(Astragalus sinicus)
 - Tree Japanese Yew
(Taxus cuspidata)
 - Bird Rock ptarmigan
(Lagopus muta)
 - Fish {{{Fish}}}
Symbol of Gifu Prefecture
Symbol of Gifu Prefecture

Gifu is part of the Tōkai region. Shirakawa in Gifu is a UNESCO's World Heritage Site.


In the Meiji period, Gifu Prefecture was created by merging several old provinces, including Hida Province and Mino Province.[3]

"Gifu" may have been named by Oda Nobunaga.



  • Kinkazan and Gifu Castle
  • Takayama
  • Joining hands-structure of Shirakawa-go
  • Gero hot springs

Special productsEdit


National parksEdit

National parks cover about 18% of the total land area of the prefecture.[4]

Otaki Limestone CaveEdit

Otaki Limestone cave is one of the biggest limestone caves in Japan. There is no daylight inside, so you may feel that the air in there is very still. If you go there in summer, you may feel cool, and if you go there in winter, you may feel much warmer than outside of it. The walls are made of limestone and look milky white.

Shrines and templesEdit

Hidaichinomiya-Minashi jinja is the main Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) in the prefecture.[5]

Related pagesEdit


  1. Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Gifu-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 246; "Chūbu" at p. 126.
  2. Nussbaum, "Gifu" at p. 246.
  3. Nussbaum, "Provinces and prefectures" at p. 780.
  4. Japan Ministry of the Environment, "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture"; retrieved 2012-3-13.
  5. "Nationwide List of Ichinomiya," p. 2; retrieved 2012-3-13.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Gifu prefecture at Wikimedia Commons