Human rights in Kyrgyzstan

Human rights in Kyrgyzstan improved after the ouster of President Askar Akayev in the 2005 Tulip Revolution and the installment of a more democratic government under Roza Otunbayeva.[1] While the country is performing well compared to other states in Central Asia, many human rights violations still take place. Especially LGBT rights have been getting worse in recent years,[2] freedom of press on the contrary has been improving.[3]

Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg

LGBT rightsEdit

Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in Kyrgyzstan, but same-sex marriage is not recognised and even explicitly banned in the constitution since 2016.[4] Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people continue to face ill-treatment, extortion, and discrimination by state and non-state actors.[2]

Domestic violence against LGBT minors is a major issue and victims have limited access to government support. LGBT people are often unable to seek protection because of violence and other abuses by law enforcement agencies. Ill-treatment against LGBT people by law enforcement authorities is a systemic phenomenon in Kyrgyzstan according to Kyrgyz Indigo, a local LGBT advocacy group.[5]

Various nationalist groups threatened LGBT interest groups during demonstrations in 2019, several parliament members responded by expressing their aversion to same sex couples, where one member said LGBT people should be “not just cursed, but beaten.” [2]

Transgender people are allowed to change legal gender in Kyrgyzstan, but require undergoing sex reassignment surgery. The first such surgery was performed in Bishkek in January 2014.[6]


  1. Tran, Mark; agencies (2010-04-08). "Kyrgyzstan opposition leader demands president's resignation". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-12-03.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Kyrgyzstan, events of 2019". Human Rights Watch.
  3. "World Press Freedom Index 2020: Kyrgyzstan". Reporters sans frontières.
  4. "Kyrgyz Voters Back Amendments On Same-Sex Marriage, Presidential Power". Radio Free Europe. December 11, 2016.
  5. "Kyrgyzstan: human rights violations of LGBT" (PDF). Ilga World. Kyrgyz Indigo.
  6. "First Kyrgyz Sex-Change Surgery A 'Success'". Radio Fre Europe.