Idi Amin Dada (c. 1925 – 16 August 2003) was a repressive dictator who ruled the African country of Uganda from 1971 to 1979. He lost power after trying to take over some Tanzanian land. The President of Tanzania at the time, Julius Nyerere, invaded Uganda. After Tanzanian forces took control of Kampala, Uganda’s capital city, Amin fled.
|3rd President of Uganda|
25 January 1971 – 11 April 1979
|Vice President||Mustafa Adrisi|
|Preceded by||Milton Obote|
|Succeeded by||Yusufu Lule|
Idi Amin Dada
|Died||August 16, 2003 (aged 77)|
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
|Spouse(s)||Malyamu Amin (divorced)|
Kay Amin (divorced)
Nora Amin (divorced)
Madina Amin (widow)
Sarah Amin (widow)
|Allegiance|| United Kingdom|
|Years of service||1946–1962 (UK)|
Field Marshal (Uganda, self-styled)
|Unit||King's African Rifles|
|Commands||Commander-in-Chief of the Forces|
|Battles/wars||Mau Mau Uprising|
1971 Ugandan coup d'état
Amin was famous for forcing all Asians to leave Uganda. He thought that Asian people living in Uganda (who were mostly Indians and Pakistanis) were taking jobs away from Ugandan workers. After Amin lost power, many of the Asians who had left Uganda came back.
Amin became known as a very brutal leader, and in the 1970s he was compared to historical persons such as Caligula, Hitler, Beria and Himmler. In several of the neighboring countries he was viewed as a "sadist, murderer, fascist and oppressor."
Amin was put on life support on July 18, 2003. When his organs began to fail, his family decided to take him off of life support. He died in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from multiple organ failure, one day before his 78th birthday. He was buried without any memorial in a simple grave without a headstone.
- Many sources, like Encyclopædia Britannica, Encarta and the Columbia Encyclopedia, hold that Amin was born in Koboko or Kampala circa 1925, and that the exact date of his birth is unknown. Researcher Fred Guweddeko claimed that Amin was born on 17 May 1928, Archived 2008-04-23 at the Wayback Machine, but that is disputed. The only certainty is that Amin was born some time during the mid-1920s.
- The Idi Amin I knew