Idi Amin

President of Uganda from 1971 to 1979

Idi Amin Dada (c. 1925[1] – 16 August 2003) was a repressive dictator who ruled the African country of Uganda from 1971 to 1979. He lost power after trying to take over some Tanzanian land. The President of Tanzania at the time, Julius Nyerere, invaded Uganda. After Tanzanian forces took control of Kampala, Uganda’s capital city, Amin fled.

Idi Amin
Idi Amin -Archives New Zealand AAWV 23583, KIRK1, 5(B), R23930288.jpg
3rd President of Uganda
In office
25 January 1971 – 11 April 1979
Vice PresidentMustafa Adrisi
Preceded byMilton Obote
Succeeded byYusufu Lule
Personal details
Born
Idi Amin Dada

1925
Koboko, Uganda
DiedAugust 16, 2003(2003-08-16) (aged 77)
Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
NationalityUgandan
Spouse(s)Malyamu Amin (divorced)
Kay Amin (divorced)
Nora Amin (divorced)
Madina Amin (widow)
Sarah Amin (widow)
ProfessionSoldier
Boxer
Military service
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Uganda Uganda
Branch/serviceBritish Army
Ugandan Army
Years of service1946–1962 (UK)
1962–1979 (Uganda)
RankLieutenant (UK)
Field Marshal (Uganda, self-styled)
UnitKing's African Rifles
CommandsCommander-in-Chief of the Forces
Battles/warsMau Mau Uprising
1971 Ugandan coup d'état
Uganda-Tanzania War

Amin was famous for forcing all Asians to leave Uganda. He thought that Asian people living in Uganda (who were mostly Indians and Pakistanis) were taking jobs away from Ugandan workers. After Amin lost power, many of the Asians who had left Uganda came back.

He was a convert to Islam.[2] He supported the cause of Palestinian freedom. This caused the hijacking of an Air France flight that landed in Entebbe, Uganda.

Amin became known as a very brutal leader, and in the 1970s he was compared to historical persons such as Caligula, Hitler, Beria and Himmler. In several of the neighboring countries he was viewed as a "sadist, murderer, fascist and oppressor."

In 1979, Amin was thrown out of Uganda and barred from ever returning. He fled to Libya, then to Saudi Arabia.

Amin was put on life support on July 18, 2003. When his organs began to fail, his family decided to take him off of life support. He died in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia from multiple organ failure, one day before his 78th birthday. He was buried without any memorial in a simple grave without a headstone.

The Last King of Scotland (2006) is a movie about Amin's government. Forest Whitaker, who played Amin, won an Academy Award for best actor.

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Many sources, like Encyclopædia Britannica, Encarta and the Columbia Encyclopedia, hold that Amin was born in Koboko or Kampala circa 1925, and that the exact date of his birth is unknown. Researcher Fred Guweddeko claimed that Amin was born on 17 May 1928,[1] Archived 2008-04-23 at the Wayback Machine, but that is disputed.[2] The only certainty is that Amin was born some time during the mid-1920s.
  2. The Idi Amin I knew