Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff
The impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, the 36th President of Brazil, began on 2 December 2015 with a petition for her impeachment accepted by Eduardo Cunha, then president of the Chamber of Deputies. It continued into late 2016.
|Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff|
|Accused||Dilma Rousseff, 36th President of Brazil|
|Proponents||Hélio Bicudo, Miguel Reale Jr., Janaína Paschoal|
|Date||2 December 2015 – 31 August 2016|
|Outcome||Rousseff found guilty, removed from office|
|Chamber of Deputies (17 April 2016)|
|Accusation||Vote to open impeachment process|
|Votes in favor||367|
|Federal Senate (12 May 2016)|
|Accusation||Vote to suspend Rousseff from the presidency|
|Votes in favor||55|
|Result||Rousseff suspended from the presidency for the duration of the impeachment trial; Michel Temer became acting president|
|Federal Senate (First vote, 31 August 2016)|
|Accusation||Vote to remove Rousseff from office|
|Votes in favor||61|
|Result||Rousseff found guilty of violating budgetary laws, removed from office; Temer became president|
|Federal Senate (Second vote, 31 August 2016)|
|Accusation||Vote to remove political rights|
|Votes in favor||42|
|Result||Rousseff retained political rights (54 "affirmative" votes necessary to bar her from political office)|
|Superior Electoral Court (TSE) (9 June 2017)|
|Accusation||Campaign finance violations during Rousseff's 2014 election campaign|
|Votes in favor||3|
|Temer remained president through 31 December 2018|
Rousseff, more than 12 months into her second four-year term, was charged with criminal administrative misconduct for the federal budget in violation of article 85 of the Constitution of Brazil.
Rousseff was formally impeached on 17 April 2016. On 12 May, the Senate voted to suspend Rousseff's powers for the duration of the trial, and Vice President Michel Temer became acting president. On 31 August 2016, the Senate removed President Rousseff from office by a 61–20 vote. Temer was sworn in as the 37th President of Brazil.
- "Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil de 1988" [Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil 1988] (in Portuguese). Presidência da República do Brasil. 5 October 1988. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
Art. 85: Acts of the President of the Republic which are counter to the Federal Constitution, and especially with respect to:
. . .
V - probity of the administration;
VI - budgetary law;
. . .
- "Lei Complementar nº 101, de 4 de Maio de 2000" [Supplementary Law n.101 of 4 May 2000] (in Portuguese). Presidência da República do Brasil. 4 May 2000. Retrieved 12 August 2016. Art. 36: Credit operations are forbidden between a state financial institution and the Federal entity which oversees it in the capacity of loan beneficiary.
- CNN, Catherine E. Shoichet and Euan McKirdy. "Brazil's Senate ousts Rousseff in impeachment vote". CNN. Retrieved 31 August 2016.