Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff

The deposition process of Dilma Rousseff

The impeachment of Dilma Rousseff, the 36th President of Brazil, began on 2 December 2015 with a petition for her impeachment accepted by Eduardo Cunha, then president of the Chamber of Deputies. It continued into late 2016.

Impeachment of Dilma Rousseff
Processo de impeachment de Dilma Rousseff.jpg
AccusedDilma Rousseff, 36th President of Brazil
ProponentsHélio Bicudo, Miguel Reale Jr., Janaína Paschoal
Date2 December 2015 – 31 August 2016 (2015-12-02 – 2016-08-31)
OutcomeRousseff found guilty, removed from office
Charges
  • Criminal administrative misconduct
  • Disregarding the Brazilian federal budget
Cause
  • Operation Car Wash
  • Responsibility crimes for "fiscal pedaling"
  • Opening of supplementary credits without Congress approval
Legislative votes
Chamber of Deputies (17 April 2016)
AccusationVote to open impeachment process
Votes in favor367
Votes against137
Present7
Not voting2
ResultRousseff impeached
Federal Senate (12 May 2016)
AccusationVote to suspend Rousseff from the presidency
Votes in favor55
Votes against22
Present2
Not voting1
ResultRousseff suspended from the presidency for the duration of the impeachment trial; Michel Temer became acting president
Federal Senate (First vote, 31 August 2016)
AccusationVote to remove Rousseff from office
Votes in favor61
Votes against20
ResultRousseff found guilty of violating budgetary laws, removed from office; Temer became president
Federal Senate (Second vote, 31 August 2016)
AccusationVote to remove political rights
Votes in favor42
Votes against36
Present3
ResultRousseff retained political rights (54 "affirmative" votes necessary to bar her from political office)
Superior Electoral Court (TSE) (9 June 2017)
AccusationCampaign finance violations during Rousseff's 2014 election campaign
Votes in favor3
Votes against4
ResultRousseff acquitted
Temer remained president through 31 December 2018

Rousseff, more than 12 months into her second four-year term, was charged with criminal administrative misconduct for the federal budget in violation of article 85 of the Constitution of Brazil.[1][2]

Rousseff was formally impeached on 17 April 2016. On 12 May, the Senate voted to suspend Rousseff's powers for the duration of the trial, and Vice President Michel Temer became acting president. On 31 August 2016, the Senate removed President Rousseff from office by a 61–20 vote. Temer was sworn in as the 37th President of Brazil.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil de 1988" [Constitution of the Federative Republic of Brazil 1988] (in Portuguese). Presidência da República do Brasil. 5 October 1988. Retrieved 9 June 2017. Art. 85: Acts of the President of the Republic which are counter to the Federal Constitution, and especially with respect to:
    . . .
    V - probity of the administration;
    VI - budgetary law;
    . . .
    are forbidden.
  2. "Lei Complementar nº 101, de 4 de Maio de 2000" [Supplementary Law n.101 of 4 May 2000] (in Portuguese). Presidência da República do Brasil. 4 May 2000. Retrieved 12 August 2016. Art. 36: Credit operations are forbidden between a state financial institution and the Federal entity which oversees it in the capacity of loan beneficiary.
  3. Catherine E. Shoichet and Euan McKirdy. "Brazil's Senate ousts Rousseff in impeachment vote". CNN. Retrieved 31 August 2016.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)