Improvised explosive device

homemade bomb

An improvised explosive device (IED), more commonly known as roadside bomb, is a bomb that is constructed by people for other purposes than military action. Paramilitary groups often use such devices for terrorist activities. Unconventional warfare which is done by guerilla forces also uses such devices. Improvised explosive devices are commonly made out of household materials such as fertilizer (that use ammonium nitrate), matches (that use potassium chlorate), and hydrogen peroxide.[1][2] A simple switch or button which lights the explosive material on fire (with some sort of flammable fuel like gasoline or diesel) is added to some IEDs.[3] Other IEDs use cell phones, garage door openers, or toy controllers are also used to blow up the explosive in some cases.[4]

Improvised explosive devices and ammunition, discovered by police forces in Iraq
Scene shot after an IED explosion, in Iraq, in 2007.

References change

  1. AOAV (2015-04-08). "Material Harm: Homemade explosive materials". AOAV. Retrieved 2024-03-28.
  2. "IED Attack: Improvised Explosive Devices" (PDF). Retrieved 27 March 2024.
  3. "Beirut blast: How does ammonium nitrate create such devastating explosions?". 2020-08-05. Retrieved 2024-03-28.
  4. "Cell Phone Bombs: How Law Enforcement Can (and Can't) Prevent Them | Office of Justice Programs". Retrieved 2024-03-28.