Indian elephant

The most widespread subspecies of Asian elephant

The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant. It comes from mainland Asia. Since 1986, E. maximus indicus has been listed as endangered by IUCN. The population has declined by at least 50% over the last 60–75 years. The subspecies is also threatened by habitat loss, degradation and herds being split apart into smaller groups.[1] It is recognized as the National animal of India.

Indian elephant
2005-bandipur-tusker.jpg
Tusked male, Bandipur National Park
IndianElephant.jpg
Female, Nagarhole National Park
Scientific classification
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Trinomial name
Elephas maximus indicus
(Cuvier), 1798

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Choudhury, A. and others (IUCN SSC Asian Elephant Specialist Group) 2008. [1]