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Indian elephant

The most widespread subspecies of Asian elephant

The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) is one of three subspecies of the Asian elephant. It comes from mainland Asia. Since 1986, Elephants maximus has been listed as endangered by IUCN. The population has declined by at least 50% over the last 60–75 years. The species is also threatened by habitat loss, degradation and herds being split apart into smaller groups.[1] In India it is recognized as the National animal of the country.

Indian elephant
2005-bandipur-tusker.jpg
Tusked male, Bandipur National Park
IndianElephant.jpg
Female, Nagarhole National Park
Scientific classification
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Trinomial name
Elephas maximus indicus
(Cuvier), 1798

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Choudhury A. et al. (2008). "Elephas maximus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.4. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Explicit use of et al. in: |authors= (help)CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)