List of national animals

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A national animal is an animal that is the symbol or emblem of a country.

National animalsEdit

Country Name of animal Scientific name Pictures Ref
  Afghanistan Snow leopard Panthera uncia   [1]
  Algeria Fennec fox Vulpes zerda   [2]
  Angola Red-crested turaco (national bird) Tauraco erythrolophus   [3]
  Anguilla Zenaida dove Zenaida aurita   [4]
  Antigua and Barbuda Fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama   [5]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens   [5]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata   [5]
  Argentina Rufous hornero Furnarius rufus   [6]
  Australia Red kangaroo (national animal) Macropus rufus   [7]
Emu (national bird) Dromaius novaehollandiae   [8]
  Austria Austrian Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical   [9]
Barn swallow (national bird) Hirundo rustica   [10]
  Azerbaijan Karabakh horse Equus ferus caballus   [11]
  Bangladesh Royal Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [12]
Magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis   [12]
Ilish (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha   [12]
  Belarus European bison Bison bonasus   [13]
  Belgium Leo Belgicus (heraldic "Belgic lion") Mythical   [14]
  Belize Baird's tapir (national animal) Tapirus bairdii   [13][15]
Keel-billed toucan (national bird) Ramphastos sulfuratus   [16]
Bhutan Druk Mythical   [17]
Takin Budorcas taxicolor   [18]
  Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris   [19]
  Cambodia Kouprey Bos sauveli   [20]
  Canada North American beaver (national animal) Castor canadensis   [21][22]
Canadian horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [22]
  China Chinese dragon (national animal) Mythical   [23]
Giant panda (national animal) Ailuropoda melanoleuca   [24]
Red-crowned crane (national bird) Grus japonensis   [25]
  Democratic Republic of the Congo Okapi Okapia johnstoni   [13]
  Colombia Andean condor Vultur gryphus   [26]
  Costa Rica Yigüirro (national bird) Turdus grayi   [27]
White-tailed deer (national animal) Odocoileus virginianus   [28]
West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal) Trichechus manatus   [29]
  Croatia Pine marten Martes martes   [30][31]
  Cuba Cuban trogon Priotelus temnurus   [32][33]
  Cyprus Cypriot mouflon Ovis orientalis   [34]
  Czech Republic Double-tailed lion Mythical   [35]
  Denmark Mute swan (national bird) Cygnus olor   [36]
Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly) Aglais urticae   [36]
  Egypt Steppe eagle Aquila nipalensis   [37]
  Estonia Wolf Canis lupus   [38]
  Eritrea Arabian camel Camelus dromedarius   [39]
  Ethiopia Lion Panthera leo   [40][41]
  Faroe Islands Eurasian oystercatcher (national bird) Haematopus ostralgus   [42]
  Finland Brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos   [43]
Whooper swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus   [44]
Holly blue (national butterfly) Celastrina argiolus   [45]
European perch (national fish) Perca fluviatilis   [46]
Seven-spot ladybird (national insect) Coccinella septempunctata   [46]
  France Gallic rooster Gallus gallus domesticus   [47]
  Gabon Black panther Panthera pardus   [48]
  Gambia Lion Panthera leo   [10]
  Germany Bundesadler (heraldic "Federal Eagle") Mythical   [10][49]
  Greece Phoenix (national bird) Mythical   [50]
Dolphin (national animal) Delphinus   [50]
  Guatemala Quetzal Pharomachrus mocinno   [51]
  Haiti Hispaniolan Trogan Priotelus roseigaster   [52]
  Honduras White-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus   [53]
  Hungary Turul Mythical (most probably Falco cherrug) [54]  
  Iceland Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus   [55]
  India Royal Bengal tiger (National animal) Panthera tigris tigris   [56]
Indian peacock (National bird) Pavo cristatus   [57]
King cobra (National reptile) Ophiophagus hannah   [58]
Ganges river dolphin (National aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica gangetica   [59]
Indian elephant (National heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus   [60]
  Indonesia Komodo dragon (national animal) Varanus komodoensis   [61]
Garuda (historic national animal) Mythical   [62]
  Iran Persian lion Panthera leo persica [63]
  Iraq Chukar partridge Alectoris chukar   [64]
Goat
(  KRG)
Capra aegagrus   [65]
  Israel Hoopoe (national bird) Upupa epops   [63]
  Jamaica Red-billed streamertail Trochilus polytmus   [66]
  Japan Green pheasant (national bird) Phasianus versicolor   [67]
Carp (national fish) Cyprinus carpio   [68]
  Kenya Lion Panthera leo   [40]
  Latvia White wagtail (national bird) Motacilla alba   [69][70]
Two-spotted ladybird (national insect) Adalia bipunctata   [70]
  Libya Lion Panthera leo   [40]
  Lithuania White stork Ciconia ciconia   [71]
  Luxembourg Lion Panthera leo   [40]
  North Macedonia Lion (in Macedonian heraldry) Panthera leo   [72]
  Madagascar Zebu (in Malagasy heraldry) Bos primigenius indicus   [73]
Ring-tailed lemur (national animal) Lemur catta   [73]
  Malaysia Malayan tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris jacksoni   [74]
  Malta Pharaoh Hound (national animal) Canis lupus familiaris   [1]
  Moldova Aurochs (national animal) Bos primigenius   [75]
  Mauritius Dodo Raphus cucullatus   [13][76][77]
  Mexico Golden eagle (national animal) Aquila chrysaetos   [78]
Xoloitzcuintli (national dog) Canis lupus familiaris   [78]
Jaguar (national mammal) Panthera onca   [78]
Grasshopper (national arthropod ) Sphenarium purpurascens   [78]
Vaquita (national marine mammal) Phocoena sinus   [78]
  Morocco Lion Panthera leo   [10]
    Nepal Cow (national animal) Bos taurus indicus   [79]
Danphe (national bird) Lophophorus impejanus   [80]
  Netherlands Lion (heraldic symbol) Panthera leo   [81]
Black-tailed godwit (national bird) Limosa limosa   [82]
  New Zealand Kiwi Apteryx sp.   [83]
  Nigeria Eagle, Black Crowned Crane Haliaeetus leucocephalus, Balearica pavonina [84]
  North Korea Chollima Mythical   [85][86][87]
  Norway Lion (royal national animal) Panthera leo   [88]
White-throated dipper (national bird) Cinclus cinclus   [89]
Fjord horse (national horse) Equus ferus caballus   [90]
  Oman Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [91]
  Pakistan Markhor (National animal) Capra falconeri   [92]
Indus river dolphin (National aquatic mammal) Platanista indicus minor minor   [92]
Chukar (National bird) Alectoris chukar   [92]
Indus crocodile (National reptile) Crocodylus palustris   [92]
Shaheen falcon (Heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator   [93]
Snow leopard (National predator) Panthera uncia   [92]
  Palestine Gazelle (national animal) Gazella gazella   [94]
Palestine sunbird (national bird) Cinnyris osea   [95]
  Panama Harpy eagle Harpia harpyja   [13]
  Papua New Guinea Dugong (national marine mammal) Dugong dugon   [96]
  Peru Vicuña (national animal) Vicugna vicugna   [97]
  Philippines Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi   [98]
  Poland White-tailed eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus albicilla   [99][100]
White stork (national bird) Ciconia ciconia   [101]
European bison (national animal) Bison bonasus [102][103]
  Portugal Cock of Barcelos Mythical   [104]
Iberian Wolf Canis lupus signatus   [104]
  Qatar Arabian oryx Oryx leucoryx   [105]
  Romania Lynx Lynx lynx   [106]
  Russia Eurasian brown bear (national animal) Ursus arctos arctos   [107]
Double-headed eagle (Traditional Coat of Arms) Mythical   [108]
  Rwanda Leopard Panthera pardus   [109]
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent amazon Amazona guildingii   [110]
  Serbia Wolf Canis lupus lupus   [111]
White eagle Mythical   [112]
Lynx Lynx lynx   [113]
  Sierra Leone Lion Panthera leo   [10]
  Singapore Lion Panthera leo   [40]
  Somalia Leopard Panthera pardus   [114]
  South Africa Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis   [115]
Blue crane (national bird) Anthropoides paradiseus   [115]
Galjoen (national fish) Dichistius capensis   [115]
  South Korea Siberian tiger Panthera tigris altaica   [116]
  Spain Bull Bos taurus   [117]
  Sri Lanka Lion (national animal) Panthera leo   [40]
Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird) Gallus lafayettii   [118]
  Sweden Eurasian Elk/Moose (national animal) Alces alces   [10]
Eurasian blackbird (national bird) Turdus merula   [10][119]
  Tanzania Giraffe Giraffa camelopardalis   [120][121][122]
  Thailand Elephant Elephas maximus   [123]
  Togo Lion Panthera leo   [10]
  United Arab Emirates Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx   [124]
Peregrine falcon (national bird) Falco peregrinus   [124]
  United Kingdom Lion (England) Panthera leo   [125][126]
Bulldog (Britain as "British Bulldog") Canis lupus familiaris   [127]
Red kite (Wales) Milvus milvus   [128]
Unicorn (Scotland) Mythical   [63][129][130][131][132]
Y Ddraig Goch (Welsh Dragon Wales) Mythical   [128][133]
  United States Bald eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus leucocephalus   [134][135]
American bison (national mammal) Bison bison   [136][137]
  Venezuela Venezuelan troupial (national bird) Icterus icterus   [138][139]
  Zimbabwe Sable antelope (national animal) Hippotragus niger   [140]
African fish eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus vocifer   [140]

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