Ironbridge Gorge

canyon in the United Kingdom

The Ironbridge Gorge is a deep gorge formed by the River Severn in Shropshire, England. The area was originally called the Severn Gorge.

Ironbridge Gorge
UNESCO World Heritage Site
LocationIronbridge, United Kingdom
CriteriaCultural: i, ii, iv, vi
Inscription1986 (10th Session)
Area547.9 ha
Coordinates52°37′35″N 2°28′22″W / 52.62639°N 2.47278°W / 52.62639; -2.47278
Ironbridge Gorge is located in Shropshire
Ironbridge Gorge
Location of Ironbridge Gorge in Shropshire
Ironbridge Gorge is located in the United Kingdom
Ironbridge Gorge
Ironbridge Gorge (the United Kingdom)

The area was made a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, because the industrial revolution started around here in the mid-1700s.[1]

Ironbridge Gorge has mines, factories, workers' housing, and the transport infrastructure that was created in the gorge during the Industrial Revolution. Coke production in the area helped start the Industrial Revolution. The Iron Bridge was the world's first bridge built from iron.

History change

The gorge takes its name from its famous "Iron Bridge", the first iron bridge of its kind in the world.[1] It is a monument to the industry that began there. The bridge was built in 1779 to link the industrial town of Broseley with the smaller mining town of Madeley and the growing industrial centre of Coalbrookdale.

The Iron Bridge was the first arch bridge in the world to be made out of cast iron.[1] a material which was previously far too expensive to use for large structures. However, a new blast furnace nearby lowered the cost. This encouraged local engineers and architects to solve a long-standing problem of a crossing over the river.

There are two reasons the site was so useful to the early industrialists. The raw materials, coal, iron ore, limestone and clay, for the manufacture of iron, tiles and porcelain are exposed or easily mined in the gorge. Second, the deep and wide river allowed easy transport of products to the sea.[2][3]

Gallery change

Related pages change

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 UNESCO, "Ironbridge Gorge"; retrieved 2012-4-24.
  2. Thomas E. 1999. Coalbrookdale and the Darby family: the story of the world's first industrial dynasty. York : Sessions/Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust. ISBN 1-85072-217-X
  3. Trinder B. 2000. The industrial revolution in Shropshire. 3rd ed, Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 1-86077-133-5

Other websites change

  Media related to Ironbridge Gorge at Wikimedia Commons

52°37′35″N 2°28′22″W / 52.62639°N 2.47278°W / 52.62639; -2.47278