mathematician and engineer from Jazira, Artuqid State
Ismail Al-Jazari was a polymath. He was born in 1136 in Cizre (current Turkey) during the Islamic Golden Age. He was simultaneously a scholar, an inventor, a mechanical engineer, an artisan, an artist, and a mathematician. Just like his father before him, he served as the chief engineer at the Artuklu Palace.  He died in 1206.
- ↑ "Medieval robots? They were just one of this Muslim inventor's creations". History Magazine. 2020-07-30. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
- ↑ "Al-Jazarī | Arab inventor". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
- ↑ "Medieval robots: How al-Jazari's mechanical marvels have been resurrected in Istanbul". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 2020-08-07.