Japanese era from April 1219 to April 1222
Jōkyū (承久), also called Shōkyū, was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Kempō and before Jōō. This period started in April 1219 and ended in April 1222. The reigning emperor was Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇).
Events of the Jōkyū eraEdit
- 12 February 1219 (Jōkyū 1, 26th day of the 1st month): Shogun Sanetomo was assassinated on the steps of Tsurugaoka Hachiman-gū in Kamakura."
- 1220 (Jōkyū 2, 2nd month): The emperor visited the Iwashimizu Shrine and the Kamo Shrines.
- 13 May 1221 (Jōkyū 3, 20th day of the 4th month): In the 11th year of Juntoku's reign, the emperor abdicated; and the succession (senso) was received by eldest son who was only 4 years old. Soon after, Emperor Chūkyō is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui). Chūkyō was emperor for only a few months.
- 29 July 1221 (Jōkyū 3, 9th day of the 7th month): In the 1st year of what is now considered to have been Chūkyō's reign, he abdicated; and contemporary scholars then construed that the succession (senso) was received by a grandson of former Emperor Go-Toba.
- 1221 (Jōkyū 3): The Jōkyū War (Jōkyū no ran) was an armed attempt by Emperor Go-Toba to take power from the Kamakura shogunate. The effort did not succeed.
- 14 January 1222 (Jōkyū 3, 1st day of the 12th month): Emperor Go-Horikawa's role as emperor was confirmed (sokui).
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōkyū" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 431.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 230-238; Brown, Delmer. (1979). Gukanshō, pp. 341; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 221-223.
- Titsingh, p. 235.
- Titsingh, p. 236.
- Titsingh, p. 236; Brown, p. 343; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2012-5-22.
- Brown, p. 344; Titsingh, p. 238.
- Titsingh, p. 95; Brown, p. 344; Varley, p. 44.
- National Diet Library, "The Japanese Calendar" -- historical overview plus illustrative images from library's collection
- New York Public Library Digital Gallery, early photograph of Shrine steps where Sanetomo was killed
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