Emperor Fushimi

Emperor of Japan
For the 124th emperor also known as Hirohito, see Hirohito

Emperor Fushimi (伏見天皇 Fushimi-tennō) (10 May 1265 – 8 October 1317) was the 92nd emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.[1] His reign started in 1287 and ended in 1298.[2]

Fushimi
Emperor of Japan
Emperor Fushimi.jpg
Reign1287–1298
PredecessorGo-Uda
SuccessorGo-Fushimi
BornMay 10, 1265
DiedOctober 8, 1317 (aged 52)
Burial
Fukakusa no kita no Misasagi (Kyoto)

Traditional historyEdit

Before he became the monarch, this prince's personal name (imina) was Hirohito-shinnō (熈仁親王).[3]

Note: Although the Roman-alphabet spelling of the name of this 13th-century emperor is the same as the personal name of Emperor Shōwa, the kanji are different:
Emperor Fushimi, formerly Prince Hirohito (熈仁)
Emperor Shōwa, formerly Prince Hirohito (裕仁)

Prince Hirohito was the second son of Emperor Go-Fukakusa.[4]

Events of Fushimi's lifeEdit

Hirohito-shinnō was named Crown Prince. He became heir to Emperor Go-Uda.[4]

  • 1287 (Kōan 10, 10th month): In the 13th year of Go-Uda-tennō 's reign, he abdicated. The succession (the senso) was received by his cousin.[5]
  • 1288 (Kōan 11): Emperor Fushimi is said to have accepted the monarch's role and duties and powers (sokui).[5] This was confirmed in ceremonies.[6]
  • 1289 (Shōō 2, 4th month): Fushimi adopted the son of his younger brother; and this new son was named Crown Prince and heir.[7]
  • 19 April 1290 (Shōō 3, 9th day of the 3rd month): Assassins failed in an attempt to kill the emperor in his palace.[8]
  • 1298 (Einin 6, 7th month): In the 11th year of Fushimi's reign, he abdicated. His heir became known as Emperor Go-Fushimi.[9]
  • 1301 (Shōan 3, 1st month): In the 5th year of Go-Fushimi's reign, the adopted son of Fushimi was forced to abdicate.[10]
  • 1308 (Tokuji 3, 8th month): In the 8th year of Emperor Go-Nijo's reign, the young ruler died at age of 24. Fushimi's grandson was named as Go-Nijo's successor. Go-Fushimi's son became known as Emperor Hanazono.[11]
  • 1313 (Shōwa 2, 10th month): Retired Emperor Fushimi shaved his head and became a Buddhist monk.[12]
  • 1317 (Bunpō 1, 9th month): Former-Emperor Fushimi died at age 53.[13]

After his deathEdit

According to the Imperial Household Agency, the mausoleum (misasagi) of Kammu is in Kyoto.[1] The emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine at Fukakusa no kita no misasagi (深草北陵) in Fushimi-ku in Kyoto.[14]

Eras of Fushimi's reignEdit

The years of Fushimi's reign are marked by more than one era name.[15]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

 
The chrysanthemum symbol of the Japanese emperor and his family.
  1. 1.0 1.1 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 伏見天皇 (92); retrieved 2011-10-20.
  2. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. pp. 269–274.
  3. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 269.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric (2002). Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press. p. 224. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 269.
  6. Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami. Compare Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), Ceremony of Accession (Sokui-no-Rei); retrieved 2011-12-23.
  7. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 270.
  8. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. pp. 271–272.
  9. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 274.
  10. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 275.
  11. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 278.
  12. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 279.
  13. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. p. 281.
  14. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 422.
  15. Klaproth, Julius von (1834). Nipon o dai itsi ran: ou Annales des empereurs du Japon. Oriental Translation Fund. pp. 269–274.

Other websitesEdit

  Media related to Emperor Fushimi at Wikimedia Commons

Preceded by
Emperor Go-Uda
Emperor of Japan:
Fushimi

1287–1298
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Fushimi