James Busby

Scottish/Australian/New Zealand viticulturalist, farmer and politician (1802-1871)

James Busby (7 February 1802 – 15 July 1871) was appointed in 1833 as the British Resident in New Zealand, and became involved in drafting both the 1835 Declaration of the Independence of New Zealand and the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi. As British Resident, he acted as New Zealand's first jurist and the "originator of law in Aotearoa", to whom New Zealand owes almost all of its underlying jurisprudence'.[1] Busby is also regarded as the "Father" of New Zealand respectively.

Statue of Abel Tasman and the Tino Rangatiratanga flag.


  1. Jamieson, Nigel (1986), "The Charismatic Renewal of Law in Aotearoa", New Zealand Law Journal, July 1986, pp. 250–255