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Jan van Riebeeck

Dutch colonial governor

Johan Anthoniszoon "Jan" van Riebeeck (April 21, 1619 – January 18, 1677) was a Dutch colonial administrator and founder of Cape Town.

Jan van Riebeeck
Jan van Riebeeck.jpg
1st Commander of the Cape
In office
7 April 1652 – 6 May 1662
Succeeded byZacharias Wagenaer
Personal details
Born
Johan Anthoniszoon van Riebeeck

21 April 1619
Culemborg, Duchy of Culemborg, Holy Roman Empire
Died18 January 1677(1677-01-18) (aged 57)
Batavia, Dutch East Indies
Resting placeGroote Kerk, Jakarta, Indonesia
NationalityDutch
Spouse(s)Maria de la Queillerie
Maria Isaacks Scipio[1]
ChildrenAbraham van Riebeeck
7 others
OccupationColonial administrator

BiographyEdit

Van Riebeeck was born in Culemborg in the Netherlands as the son of a surgeon. He grew up in Schiedam, where he married 19-year old Maria de la Quellerie on 28 March 1649. (She died in Malacca, now part of Malaysia, on 2 November 1664, at the age of 35). The couple had eight children, most of whom did not live through infancy. Their son Abraham van Riebeeck, born at the Cape, later became Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies.

Joining the Dutch East India Company (VOC) in 1639, he served in many posts, like an assistant surgeon in the Batavia in the East Indies. He then went to Japan. His most important position was that of head of the VOC trading post in Tonkin, Vietnam. However, he was called back from this post as it was found that he was working trade for his own account.

In 1651 he was asked to undertake the command of the initial Dutch settlement in the future South Africa. He landed three ships Drommedaris, Reijger and Goede Hoop at the future Cape Town on 6 April 1652 and strongly make the site as a way-station for the VOC trade route between the Netherlands and the East Indies. The Walvisch and the Oliphant came later, having had 130 burials at sea.

ReferencesEdit

  1. van Ledden, Willem-Pieter (2005). Jan van Riebeeck tussen wal en schip: een onderzoek naar de beeldvorming over Jan van Riebeeck in Nederland en Zuid-Afrika omstreeks 1900, 1950 en 2000. Hilversum: Verloren. p. 27. ISBN 9789065508577. Retrieved 12 August 2014.